中国地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 30-44.doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1089-0

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Regional Economic Efficiency and Its Influencing Factors of Bei-jing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitans in China Based on a Heterogeneity Stochastic Frontier Model

HUANG Xingling1, LIU Jianguo2   

  1. 1. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. Tourism College, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-10 修回日期:2019-08-09 出版日期:2020-01-20 发布日期:2019-11-08
  • 通讯作者: LIU Jianguo.E-mail:liujianguo009@163.com E-mail:liujianguo009@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41771131, 41301116, 41877523), Premium Funding Project for Academic Human Resources Development in Beijing Union University (No. BPHR2017CS13)

Regional Economic Efficiency and Its Influencing Factors of Bei-jing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitans in China Based on a Heterogeneity Stochastic Frontier Model

HUANG Xingling1, LIU Jianguo2   

  1. 1. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. Tourism College, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-04-10 Revised:2019-08-09 Online:2020-01-20 Published:2019-11-08
  • Contact: LIU Jianguo.E-mail:liujianguo009@163.com E-mail:liujianguo009@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41771131, 41301116, 41877523), Premium Funding Project for Academic Human Resources Development in Beijing Union University (No. BPHR2017CS13)

摘要: Using a heterogeneity stochastic frontier model (HSFM), we empirically investigated the economic efficiency of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei from 2003 to 2016 and its influencing factors. The key findings of the paper lie in:1) in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the overall economic and technological efficiency tended to increase in a wavelike manner, economic growth slowed down, and there was an obvious imbalance in economic efficiency between the different districts, counties and cities; 2) the heterogeneity stochastic frontier production functions (SFPFs) of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei were different from each other, and investment was still an important impetus of economic growth in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei; 3) economic efficiency was positively correlated with economic agglomeration, human capital, industrial structure, infrastructure, the informatization level, and institutional factors, but negatively correlated with the government role and economic opening. The following policy suggestions are offered:1) to improve regional economic efficiency and reduce the economic gap in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, governments must reduce their intervention in economic activities, stimulate the potentials of labor and capital, optimize the structure of human resources, and foster new demographic incentives; 2) governments must guide economic factors that are reasonable throughout Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and strengthen infrastructure construction in underdeveloped regions, thus attaining sustainable economic development; 3) governments must plan overall economic growth factors of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and promote reasonable economic factors (e.g., labor, resources, and innovations) across different regions, thus attaining complementary advantages between Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei.

关键词: economy efficiency, total factor productivity (TFP), Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, heterogeneity stochastic frontier model

Abstract: Using a heterogeneity stochastic frontier model (HSFM), we empirically investigated the economic efficiency of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei from 2003 to 2016 and its influencing factors. The key findings of the paper lie in:1) in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the overall economic and technological efficiency tended to increase in a wavelike manner, economic growth slowed down, and there was an obvious imbalance in economic efficiency between the different districts, counties and cities; 2) the heterogeneity stochastic frontier production functions (SFPFs) of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei were different from each other, and investment was still an important impetus of economic growth in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei; 3) economic efficiency was positively correlated with economic agglomeration, human capital, industrial structure, infrastructure, the informatization level, and institutional factors, but negatively correlated with the government role and economic opening. The following policy suggestions are offered:1) to improve regional economic efficiency and reduce the economic gap in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, governments must reduce their intervention in economic activities, stimulate the potentials of labor and capital, optimize the structure of human resources, and foster new demographic incentives; 2) governments must guide economic factors that are reasonable throughout Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and strengthen infrastructure construction in underdeveloped regions, thus attaining sustainable economic development; 3) governments must plan overall economic growth factors of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and promote reasonable economic factors (e.g., labor, resources, and innovations) across different regions, thus attaining complementary advantages between Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei.

Key words: economy efficiency, total factor productivity (TFP), Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, heterogeneity stochastic frontier model