中国地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 1052-1064.doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1076-5

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Spatio-temporal Evolution of Marine Fishery Industry Ecosystem Vulnerability in the Bohai Rim Region

LI Bo, JIN Xiaoming   

  1. Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-08 出版日期:2019-12-27 发布日期:2019-11-12
  • 通讯作者: LI Bo E-mail:libo_ok@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41201114, 41976207), Finance Depart-ment of Liaoning Province (No. 18C021)

Spatio-temporal Evolution of Marine Fishery Industry Ecosystem Vulnerability in the Bohai Rim Region

LI Bo, JIN Xiaoming   

  1. Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
  • Received:2018-11-08 Online:2019-12-27 Published:2019-11-12
  • Contact: LI Bo E-mail:libo_ok@126.com
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41201114, 41976207), Finance Depart-ment of Liaoning Province (No. 18C021)

摘要:

The building of the ocean power strategy and the implementation of the blue agriculture plan urgently need to strengthen the sustainable development of marine fishery. Taking vulnerability as the starting point, this paper constructs the vulnerability index system of marine fishery industry ecosystem from the aspects of sensitivity and response capacity, and combines the entropy method with the Topsis to comprehensively analyze the spatio-temporal evolution characteristics of vulnerability of marine fishery industry ecosystem in the Bohai Rim Region from 2001 to 2015. The results show that:1) In the time dimension, from 2001 to 2015, the vulnerability of the marine fishery industry ecosystem in the Bohai Rim Region shows a fluctuant and degressive trend; 2) In the spatial dimension, the spatial distribution of the marine fishery industry ecosystem vulnerability in the Bohai Rim Region presents the gradient characteristics which shows high vulnerability in the east and low vulnerability in the west. According to the evolution track of the system's vulnerability level, the vulnerability of the marine fishery industry ecosystem is divided into ‘declining’ and ‘stable’ types of evolutionary structures; 3) The development of marine fishery in the Bohai Rim Region needs to be derived from the marine fishery's ecological environment and the industrial development mode and structure, which can improve the marine environment remediation efforts, optimize the marine fishery industry structure, vigorously focus on pelagic fishery, and enhance the introduction of marine fishery's science and technology talents, etc. Then, the marine fishery's development in the Bohai Rim Region will be moving in the green, circular and sustainable direction.

关键词: marine fishery, marine industry ecosystem, vulnerability, spatio-temporal evolution, Bohai Rim Region

Abstract:

The building of the ocean power strategy and the implementation of the blue agriculture plan urgently need to strengthen the sustainable development of marine fishery. Taking vulnerability as the starting point, this paper constructs the vulnerability index system of marine fishery industry ecosystem from the aspects of sensitivity and response capacity, and combines the entropy method with the Topsis to comprehensively analyze the spatio-temporal evolution characteristics of vulnerability of marine fishery industry ecosystem in the Bohai Rim Region from 2001 to 2015. The results show that:1) In the time dimension, from 2001 to 2015, the vulnerability of the marine fishery industry ecosystem in the Bohai Rim Region shows a fluctuant and degressive trend; 2) In the spatial dimension, the spatial distribution of the marine fishery industry ecosystem vulnerability in the Bohai Rim Region presents the gradient characteristics which shows high vulnerability in the east and low vulnerability in the west. According to the evolution track of the system's vulnerability level, the vulnerability of the marine fishery industry ecosystem is divided into ‘declining’ and ‘stable’ types of evolutionary structures; 3) The development of marine fishery in the Bohai Rim Region needs to be derived from the marine fishery's ecological environment and the industrial development mode and structure, which can improve the marine environment remediation efforts, optimize the marine fishery industry structure, vigorously focus on pelagic fishery, and enhance the introduction of marine fishery's science and technology talents, etc. Then, the marine fishery's development in the Bohai Rim Region will be moving in the green, circular and sustainable direction.

Key words: marine fishery, marine industry ecosystem, vulnerability, spatio-temporal evolution, Bohai Rim Region