中国地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (4): 553-567.doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1053-z

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Spatio-temporal Pattern Characteristics of Relationship Between Ur-banization and Economic Development at County Level in China

YANG Zhen1,2, ZHANG Xiaolei1, LEI Jun1, DUAN Zuliang1, LI Jiangang1,2   

  1. 1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ürümqi 830011, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-10 修回日期:2018-05-11 出版日期:2019-08-27 发布日期:2019-06-28
  • 通讯作者: LEI Jun.E-mail:leijun@ms.xjb.ac.cn E-mail:leijun@ms.xjb.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Pan-Third Pole En-vironment Study for a Green Silk Road (Pan-TPE) (No. XDA20040400)

Spatio-temporal Pattern Characteristics of Relationship Between Ur-banization and Economic Development at County Level in China

YANG Zhen1,2, ZHANG Xiaolei1, LEI Jun1, DUAN Zuliang1, LI Jiangang1,2   

  1. 1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ürümqi 830011, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-09-10 Revised:2018-05-11 Online:2019-08-27 Published:2019-06-28
  • Contact: LEI Jun.E-mail:leijun@ms.xjb.ac.cn E-mail:leijun@ms.xjb.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Pan-Third Pole En-vironment Study for a Green Silk Road (Pan-TPE) (No. XDA20040400)

摘要:

The relationship between China's urbanization and economic development (RCUED) is an important concern nationwide. As important actors in regional strategy and policy, county-level regions have played an increasingly significant role in the development of China's social economy. However, the existing research on the RCUED lacks the fine depiction of the county-level administrative units. Using 2000 and 2010 census data and the statistical analysis method, we uncovered the evolution characteristics of China's urbanization and economic development and conducted a quantitative identification for the RCUED with improved methods using the quadrant map approach. In addition, we investigated the spatial correlation effect of the RCUED using the spatial autocorrelation analysis method. The results were as follows:1) In general, a high degree of matching exists between China's urbanization and economic development at the county level at the significance level of 0.01. The correlation coefficients between China's urbanization and economic development in 2000 and 2010 were 0.608 and 0.603, respectively. 2) A significant regional difference exists in the RCUED at the county level. Based on a comparative analysis of 2276 county units in China in the two years, we found that county units can be categorized as under-urbanized, basic coordination and over-urbanized in various areas. No situation was observed where urbanization seriously lagged behind the economic development level, so the levels of urbanization and economic development appear to be basically coordinated, and the coordination state may be gradually optimized over time. 3) Over time, the spatial dependency of the RCUED has weakened and the spatial heterogeneity has increased. Northeast China has always been an area characterized by over-urbanization. The number of county units classified as under-urbanized has begun to decline in eastern coastal urban agglomeration areas, while counties rich in resources have transformed from having point-shaped over-urbanization to plane-shaped under-urbanization along the northern border, and the number of over-urbanized county units has increased in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. 4) ‘Lag-lag’ type and ‘advance-advance’ type accounted for 68% of all counties in China, and these counties were shown to have obvious spatial differentiation characteristics.

关键词: urbanization, economic development, relationship, spatial-temporal pattern, county, China

Abstract:

The relationship between China's urbanization and economic development (RCUED) is an important concern nationwide. As important actors in regional strategy and policy, county-level regions have played an increasingly significant role in the development of China's social economy. However, the existing research on the RCUED lacks the fine depiction of the county-level administrative units. Using 2000 and 2010 census data and the statistical analysis method, we uncovered the evolution characteristics of China's urbanization and economic development and conducted a quantitative identification for the RCUED with improved methods using the quadrant map approach. In addition, we investigated the spatial correlation effect of the RCUED using the spatial autocorrelation analysis method. The results were as follows:1) In general, a high degree of matching exists between China's urbanization and economic development at the county level at the significance level of 0.01. The correlation coefficients between China's urbanization and economic development in 2000 and 2010 were 0.608 and 0.603, respectively. 2) A significant regional difference exists in the RCUED at the county level. Based on a comparative analysis of 2276 county units in China in the two years, we found that county units can be categorized as under-urbanized, basic coordination and over-urbanized in various areas. No situation was observed where urbanization seriously lagged behind the economic development level, so the levels of urbanization and economic development appear to be basically coordinated, and the coordination state may be gradually optimized over time. 3) Over time, the spatial dependency of the RCUED has weakened and the spatial heterogeneity has increased. Northeast China has always been an area characterized by over-urbanization. The number of county units classified as under-urbanized has begun to decline in eastern coastal urban agglomeration areas, while counties rich in resources have transformed from having point-shaped over-urbanization to plane-shaped under-urbanization along the northern border, and the number of over-urbanized county units has increased in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. 4) ‘Lag-lag’ type and ‘advance-advance’ type accounted for 68% of all counties in China, and these counties were shown to have obvious spatial differentiation characteristics.

Key words: urbanization, economic development, relationship, spatial-temporal pattern, county, China