中国地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (5): 887-904.doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1051-1

• 论文 • 上一篇    

Investment Environment Assessment and Strategic Policy for Subjects of Federation in Russia

LI Fujia1, LIU Qian1,2, DONG Suocheng1, CHENG Hao1, LI Yu1, YANG Yang1, TSYDYPOV Bair3, BILGAEV Alexey1,2, AYURZHANAEV Alexander3, BU Xiaoyan1, XIA Bing1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Baikal Institute of Nature Management, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan-Ude 670047, Russia
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-24 修回日期:2018-09-10 出版日期:2019-10-27 发布日期:2019-09-26
  • 通讯作者: CHENG Hao.E-mail:chenghao0011@163.com E-mail:chenghao0011@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of Science & Technology Basic Resources Investigation Program of China (No. 2017FY101304), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41701639), Russian Foundation for Basic Research (No. 19-55-53026)

Investment Environment Assessment and Strategic Policy for Subjects of Federation in Russia

LI Fujia1, LIU Qian1,2, DONG Suocheng1, CHENG Hao1, LI Yu1, YANG Yang1, TSYDYPOV Bair3, BILGAEV Alexey1,2, AYURZHANAEV Alexander3, BU Xiaoyan1, XIA Bing1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Baikal Institute of Nature Management, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan-Ude 670047, Russia
  • Received:2018-05-24 Revised:2018-09-10 Online:2019-10-27 Published:2019-09-26
  • Contact: CHENG Hao.E-mail:chenghao0011@163.com E-mail:chenghao0011@163.com
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of Science & Technology Basic Resources Investigation Program of China (No. 2017FY101304), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41701639), Russian Foundation for Basic Research (No. 19-55-53026)

摘要:

Russia is the largest neighboring country of China. Between the two countries, the resources and industry are complemented, the political mutual trust is at a high level, and trade cooperation has a broad prospect. Choosing the best regions and the best industries to strengthen investment in Russia has a major strategic significance in promoting ‘the Belt and Road Initiative’ and China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor Construction. However, the related researches are extremely limited. The investment environment is unclear, and the investment risk is unknown, which seriously restrict the investment in Russia and the trade cooperation with Russia. Our research team carried out scientific expedition, government visits and scientific research cooperation in Russia for several years, and obtained a great number of first-hand valuable data. According to the analysis on the data and Russian regional policies, this study constructed an investment environment evaluation model (ESI-PRA model), scientific assessed the investment environment for 83 subjects of federation in Russia, in terms of economic, social, infrastructure, policy, resource and accessibility, classified 4 types of investment regions, chose 3 investment priority regions, revealed the investment priority industries, demonstrated the main investment risks, and proposed the strategic policies. The research results provide direct scientific and technological support for strategic decisions, such as investment in Russia, bilateral economic and trade cooperation, and overseas layout of Chinese-funded enterprises. Moreover, it has an important practical and strategic significance for improving overseas geo-strategic interests of China and ensuring the construction of China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor.

关键词: Russia, investment environment assessment, investment risk, strategic policy, China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor, the Belt and Road Initiative

Abstract:

Russia is the largest neighboring country of China. Between the two countries, the resources and industry are complemented, the political mutual trust is at a high level, and trade cooperation has a broad prospect. Choosing the best regions and the best industries to strengthen investment in Russia has a major strategic significance in promoting ‘the Belt and Road Initiative’ and China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor Construction. However, the related researches are extremely limited. The investment environment is unclear, and the investment risk is unknown, which seriously restrict the investment in Russia and the trade cooperation with Russia. Our research team carried out scientific expedition, government visits and scientific research cooperation in Russia for several years, and obtained a great number of first-hand valuable data. According to the analysis on the data and Russian regional policies, this study constructed an investment environment evaluation model (ESI-PRA model), scientific assessed the investment environment for 83 subjects of federation in Russia, in terms of economic, social, infrastructure, policy, resource and accessibility, classified 4 types of investment regions, chose 3 investment priority regions, revealed the investment priority industries, demonstrated the main investment risks, and proposed the strategic policies. The research results provide direct scientific and technological support for strategic decisions, such as investment in Russia, bilateral economic and trade cooperation, and overseas layout of Chinese-funded enterprises. Moreover, it has an important practical and strategic significance for improving overseas geo-strategic interests of China and ensuring the construction of China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor.

Key words: Russia, investment environment assessment, investment risk, strategic policy, China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor, the Belt and Road Initiative