中国地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (3): 517-527.doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1046-y

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Effects of Network Closure on Cooperative Innovation: Evidence from Dongying's Petroleum Equipment Industry in China

MA Shuang1, ZENG Gang2   

  1. 1. Institute of Information, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, Shanghai 200235, China;
    2. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-20 出版日期:2019-06-27 发布日期:2019-05-06
  • 通讯作者: ZENG Gang. E-mail:gzeng@re.ecnu.edu.cn E-mail:gzeng@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41771143), Philosophy and Social Sciences Planning Project of Shanghai (No. 2018EJL002)

Effects of Network Closure on Cooperative Innovation: Evidence from Dongying's Petroleum Equipment Industry in China

MA Shuang1, ZENG Gang2   

  1. 1. Institute of Information, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, Shanghai 200235, China;
    2. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2018-07-20 Online:2019-06-27 Published:2019-05-06
  • Contact: ZENG Gang. E-mail:gzeng@re.ecnu.edu.cn E-mail:gzeng@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41771143), Philosophy and Social Sciences Planning Project of Shanghai (No. 2018EJL002)

摘要:

There are two opposing viewpoints on which kind of network configuration provides a more competitive advantage, namely, network closure or structural holes, with the latter occupying the dominant position in the literature. Using social network analysis and negative binomial regression methods, we graph the co-patent network of Dongying's petroleum equipment industry in China and explore its impact on enterprise innovation. The analysis is based on 17 face-to-face interviews, 31 enterprise questionnaires, and 354 co-patent records from the China State Intellectual Property Office identifying cooperative innovation for the years 1988-2013. We find that this network is closed, controlled by state-owned enterprises, and its closure has positive effects on enterprise innovation performance. This may be related to China's unique industrial development history, state system and policies, regional culture and circumstances, and enterprise characteristics. Therefore, for some industries in specific regions, the advantages usually attributed to structural holes and open innovation may not necessarily apply.

关键词: network closure, structural holes, enterprise innovation, petroleum equipment industry, Dongying

Abstract:

There are two opposing viewpoints on which kind of network configuration provides a more competitive advantage, namely, network closure or structural holes, with the latter occupying the dominant position in the literature. Using social network analysis and negative binomial regression methods, we graph the co-patent network of Dongying's petroleum equipment industry in China and explore its impact on enterprise innovation. The analysis is based on 17 face-to-face interviews, 31 enterprise questionnaires, and 354 co-patent records from the China State Intellectual Property Office identifying cooperative innovation for the years 1988-2013. We find that this network is closed, controlled by state-owned enterprises, and its closure has positive effects on enterprise innovation performance. This may be related to China's unique industrial development history, state system and policies, regional culture and circumstances, and enterprise characteristics. Therefore, for some industries in specific regions, the advantages usually attributed to structural holes and open innovation may not necessarily apply.

Key words: network closure, structural holes, enterprise innovation, petroleum equipment industry, Dongying