中国地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (3): 363-371.doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1038-y

• 论文 •    下一篇

New Developments and Perspectives in Physical Geography in China

FU Bojie1,2, TIAN Tao1,3, LIU Yanxu2, ZHAO Wenwu2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-07 出版日期:2019-06-27 发布日期:2019-05-06
  • 通讯作者: FU Bojie. E-mail:bfu@rcees.ac.cn E-mail:bfu@rcees.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. QYZDY-SSW-DQC025), and National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2017YFA0604701)

New Developments and Perspectives in Physical Geography in China

FU Bojie1,2, TIAN Tao1,3, LIU Yanxu2, ZHAO Wenwu2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-03-07 Online:2019-06-27 Published:2019-05-06
  • Contact: FU Bojie. E-mail:bfu@rcees.ac.cn E-mail:bfu@rcees.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. QYZDY-SSW-DQC025), and National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2017YFA0604701)

摘要:

Physical geography is the cornerstone of geography. In this article, the starting points of disciplines in physical geography in recent years in China are discussed. With the coupling of systems set as the research object, and sustainable development as the ultimate goal, the upgrade of physical geography can be deconstructed into three steps:deepen physical geography from the perspective of pattern-process coupling, improve the focus of physical geography from ecosystem processes to ecosystem services, and increase the understanding of the physical geography ‘pattern, process, service, sustainability’ research cascade. The incorporation of human activities into physical geographic processes is essential to conduct integrated analysis on physical and human factors at different scales. The development of ecosystem service models that couple supply-demand and sustainable development are of great importance to bridge the role of ecosystem services between the natural environment and human well-being. Moreover, human-land systems and sustainable development have become the core areas and frontiers of integrated physical geography and even geography in general. China faces the great strategic demand of constructing an ecological civilization in a new era, and the development of the disciplines of physical geography should give full access to the advantages of intersecting and comprehensive disciplines, focus on the human-land system patterns, processes, and services in key research areas, and provide disciplinary support for regional, national, and global sustainable development.

关键词: pattern-process coupling, ecosystem services, sustainability, human-land system, China's national demands

Abstract:

Physical geography is the cornerstone of geography. In this article, the starting points of disciplines in physical geography in recent years in China are discussed. With the coupling of systems set as the research object, and sustainable development as the ultimate goal, the upgrade of physical geography can be deconstructed into three steps:deepen physical geography from the perspective of pattern-process coupling, improve the focus of physical geography from ecosystem processes to ecosystem services, and increase the understanding of the physical geography ‘pattern, process, service, sustainability’ research cascade. The incorporation of human activities into physical geographic processes is essential to conduct integrated analysis on physical and human factors at different scales. The development of ecosystem service models that couple supply-demand and sustainable development are of great importance to bridge the role of ecosystem services between the natural environment and human well-being. Moreover, human-land systems and sustainable development have become the core areas and frontiers of integrated physical geography and even geography in general. China faces the great strategic demand of constructing an ecological civilization in a new era, and the development of the disciplines of physical geography should give full access to the advantages of intersecting and comprehensive disciplines, focus on the human-land system patterns, processes, and services in key research areas, and provide disciplinary support for regional, national, and global sustainable development.

Key words: pattern-process coupling, ecosystem services, sustainability, human-land system, China's national demands