中国地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (4): 689-699.doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1022-6

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Three Types of Spatial Function Zoning in Key Ecological Function Areas Based on Ecological and Economic Coordinated Development: A Case Study of Tacheng Basin, China

WANG Guiling1,2,3, YANG Degang2, XIA Fuqiang2, ZHONG Ruisen2, XIONG Chuanhe4   

  1. 1. Nantong University, College of Geographic Science, Nantong 226007, China;
    2. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ürümqi 830011, China;
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    4. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-09 修回日期:2017-11-16 出版日期:2019-08-27 发布日期:2019-06-28
  • 通讯作者: YANG Degang.E-mail:dgyang@ms.xjb.ac.cn E-mail:dgyang@ms.xjb.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of Grant Program of Clean Development Mechanism Fund of China (CDMF) (No. 2014092), Task 2 of Key Service Project 5 for the Characteristic Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. TSS-2015-014-FW-5-2), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41571159), The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDA20010301), Jiangsu Natural Science Foundation (No. BK20181105)

Three Types of Spatial Function Zoning in Key Ecological Function Areas Based on Ecological and Economic Coordinated Development: A Case Study of Tacheng Basin, China

WANG Guiling1,2,3, YANG Degang2, XIA Fuqiang2, ZHONG Ruisen2, XIONG Chuanhe4   

  1. 1. Nantong University, College of Geographic Science, Nantong 226007, China;
    2. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ürümqi 830011, China;
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    4. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2018-03-09 Revised:2017-11-16 Online:2019-08-27 Published:2019-06-28
  • Contact: YANG Degang.E-mail:dgyang@ms.xjb.ac.cn E-mail:dgyang@ms.xjb.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of Grant Program of Clean Development Mechanism Fund of China (CDMF) (No. 2014092), Task 2 of Key Service Project 5 for the Characteristic Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. TSS-2015-014-FW-5-2), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41571159), The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDA20010301), Jiangsu Natural Science Foundation (No. BK20181105)

摘要:

Three types of spatial function zoning is an effective measure for regional environmental protection and orderly development. For ecological and economic coordinated development, spatial function zones should be divided scientifically to clear its direction of development and protection. Therefore, based on ecological constraints, a beneficial discussion would be about the key ecological function areas adopting the concept of ecological protection restriction and supporting socioeconomic development for spatial function zoning. In this paper, the researchers, taking Tacheng Basin, Xinjiang of China as an example, choose township as basic research unit and set up an evaluation index system from three aspects, namely, ecological protection suitability, agricultural production suitability, and urban development suitability, which are analyzed by using spatial analysis functions and exclusive matrix method. The results showed that:1) This paper formed a set of multilevel evaluation index systems for three types of spatial function zoning of the key ecological function areas based on a novel perspective by scientifically dividing Tacheng Basin into ecological space, agricultural space, and urban space, which realized the integration and scientific orientation for spatial function at the township scale. 2) Under the guidance of three types of spatial pattern, the functional orientation and suggestions of development and protection was clearly defined for ecological protection zones, ecological economic zones, agricultural production zones, and urban development zones. 3) A new idea of space governance is provided to promote the coordinated and sustainable development between ecology and economy, which can break the traditional mode of thinking about regional economic development, and offers a scientific basis and reference for macro decision-making.

关键词: key ecological function areas, township scale, spatial function zoning, mutual exclusion matrix method, coordination of ecology and development, Tacheng Basin,China

Abstract:

Three types of spatial function zoning is an effective measure for regional environmental protection and orderly development. For ecological and economic coordinated development, spatial function zones should be divided scientifically to clear its direction of development and protection. Therefore, based on ecological constraints, a beneficial discussion would be about the key ecological function areas adopting the concept of ecological protection restriction and supporting socioeconomic development for spatial function zoning. In this paper, the researchers, taking Tacheng Basin, Xinjiang of China as an example, choose township as basic research unit and set up an evaluation index system from three aspects, namely, ecological protection suitability, agricultural production suitability, and urban development suitability, which are analyzed by using spatial analysis functions and exclusive matrix method. The results showed that:1) This paper formed a set of multilevel evaluation index systems for three types of spatial function zoning of the key ecological function areas based on a novel perspective by scientifically dividing Tacheng Basin into ecological space, agricultural space, and urban space, which realized the integration and scientific orientation for spatial function at the township scale. 2) Under the guidance of three types of spatial pattern, the functional orientation and suggestions of development and protection was clearly defined for ecological protection zones, ecological economic zones, agricultural production zones, and urban development zones. 3) A new idea of space governance is provided to promote the coordinated and sustainable development between ecology and economy, which can break the traditional mode of thinking about regional economic development, and offers a scientific basis and reference for macro decision-making.

Key words: key ecological function areas, township scale, spatial function zoning, mutual exclusion matrix method, coordination of ecology and development, Tacheng Basin,China