中国地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (2): 341-351.doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0998-7

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Approach to the Geopolitical Influences of Great Powers in Southeast Asia: Case Studies of China and the US

QIN Qi1,2, CHENG Shengkui1,2, LI Fei1,2, ZHANG Shuwen3, WU Liang1, ZHANG Dan1   

  1. 1. Center for World Geography and Resources Research, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-08 出版日期:2019-04-27 发布日期:2019-02-23
  • 通讯作者: CHENG Shengkui.E-mail:chengsk@igsnrr.ac.cn;LI Fei.E-mail:lf@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:chengsk@igsnrr.ac.cn;lf@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the Special Research Fund of China-ASEAN Collaborative Innovation Center for Regional De-velopment and Development Program of Ministry of Education for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Teams (No. CW201501)

Approach to the Geopolitical Influences of Great Powers in Southeast Asia: Case Studies of China and the US

QIN Qi1,2, CHENG Shengkui1,2, LI Fei1,2, ZHANG Shuwen3, WU Liang1, ZHANG Dan1   

  1. 1. Center for World Geography and Resources Research, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China
  • Received:2017-11-08 Online:2019-04-27 Published:2019-02-23
  • Contact: CHENG Shengkui, LI Fei E-mail:chengsk@igsnrr.ac.cn;lf@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of the Special Research Fund of China-ASEAN Collaborative Innovation Center for Regional De-velopment and Development Program of Ministry of Education for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Teams (No. CW201501)

摘要:

A quantitative approach to the national geopolitical influence is helpful to provide a reference for national sustainable development on the international stage, based on describing national diplomatic capacity and overseas influence. Herein, this study proposes a complex geopolitical influence model, considering the affected nations' response. The geopolitical influences of great power in the affected nation are correlated with overall strength, the acceptance degree of the affected nation to the great power and the distance between both sides. Then, the geopolitical influences of China and the US in Southeast Asia countries are empirically analyzed from 2005 to 2015. The geopolitical influence of China in Southeast Asia has been largely growing for the past decades, accompanying with a constant trend of the US' effects. It is believed that China and the US can coexist peacefully in Southeast Asia to promote the regional development, and jointly create an open, inclusive and balanced regional cooperation architecture that benefits all nations in this region and great powers, through mutual political trust and economic beneficial cooperation. This study may contribute to advancing the policy debate and determining the optimal cooperation in pledging commitment to a new and sustainable model of great power relationship among the various regional geopolitical options.

关键词: geopolitical influence, great power, Southeast Asia, China, the US

Abstract:

A quantitative approach to the national geopolitical influence is helpful to provide a reference for national sustainable development on the international stage, based on describing national diplomatic capacity and overseas influence. Herein, this study proposes a complex geopolitical influence model, considering the affected nations' response. The geopolitical influences of great power in the affected nation are correlated with overall strength, the acceptance degree of the affected nation to the great power and the distance between both sides. Then, the geopolitical influences of China and the US in Southeast Asia countries are empirically analyzed from 2005 to 2015. The geopolitical influence of China in Southeast Asia has been largely growing for the past decades, accompanying with a constant trend of the US' effects. It is believed that China and the US can coexist peacefully in Southeast Asia to promote the regional development, and jointly create an open, inclusive and balanced regional cooperation architecture that benefits all nations in this region and great powers, through mutual political trust and economic beneficial cooperation. This study may contribute to advancing the policy debate and determining the optimal cooperation in pledging commitment to a new and sustainable model of great power relationship among the various regional geopolitical options.

Key words: geopolitical influence, great power, Southeast Asia, China, the US