中国地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 873-893.doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0981-3

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Payments for Watershed Services and Practices in China: Achievements and Challenges

LU Yan1,2,3,4, XU Jianhua5, QIN Fen1,3,4, WANG Jiayao1,3,4   

  1. 1. Laboratory of Geospatial Technology for the Middle and Lower Yellow River Regions, Ministry of Education, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China;
    2. School of Water Conservancy & Environment, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 475001, China;
    3. Henan Industrial Technology Academy of Spatio-Temporal Big Data, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China;
    4. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China;
    5. School of Geographic Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-15 修回日期:2017-09-12 出版日期:2018-10-27 发布日期:2018-09-04
  • 通讯作者: QIN Fen. E-mail:qinfen@henu.edu.cn E-mail:qinfen@henu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 71203200, 41671455), National Science and Technology Platform Construction Project (No. 2005DKA32300), Major Research Projects of the Ministry of Education (No. 16JJD770019)

Payments for Watershed Services and Practices in China: Achievements and Challenges

LU Yan1,2,3,4, XU Jianhua5, QIN Fen1,3,4, WANG Jiayao1,3,4   

  1. 1. Laboratory of Geospatial Technology for the Middle and Lower Yellow River Regions, Ministry of Education, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China;
    2. School of Water Conservancy & Environment, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 475001, China;
    3. Henan Industrial Technology Academy of Spatio-Temporal Big Data, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China;
    4. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China;
    5. School of Geographic Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2017-06-15 Revised:2017-09-12 Online:2018-10-27 Published:2018-09-04
  • Contact: QIN Fen. E-mail:qinfen@henu.edu.cn E-mail:qinfen@henu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 71203200, 41671455), National Science and Technology Platform Construction Project (No. 2005DKA32300), Major Research Projects of the Ministry of Education (No. 16JJD770019)

摘要:

Implementation of payments for watershed services (PWS) has been regarded as a promising approach to coordinating the interests of upstream and downstream ecosystem services stakeholders. There is growing concern about whether PWS programs have achieved their original environmental goals of improving water quality and quantity, as well as the ancillary objective of increasing the welfare of local people. We start with an overview of PWS schemes and focus on their particularity and implementation mechanisms in China. We proceed to review 62 active PWS cases and examine their environmental performance in detail. The resulting findings show that PWS schemes have been able to reduce water pollution to some extent by establishing collaborative upstream/downstream watershed management policies, thereby improving water quality and quantity, as well as by making government officials more responsible for water resource management. In addition, their continued effectiveness in light of present challenges such as water-quality data availability is discussed. Chinese PWS schemes and their implementation mechanisms also provide information useful in monitoring environmental outcomes and guiding future designs of PWS programs in other regions.

关键词: payments for watershed services (PWS), environmental impacts, water pollution, socioeconomic impacts, watershed management

Abstract:

Implementation of payments for watershed services (PWS) has been regarded as a promising approach to coordinating the interests of upstream and downstream ecosystem services stakeholders. There is growing concern about whether PWS programs have achieved their original environmental goals of improving water quality and quantity, as well as the ancillary objective of increasing the welfare of local people. We start with an overview of PWS schemes and focus on their particularity and implementation mechanisms in China. We proceed to review 62 active PWS cases and examine their environmental performance in detail. The resulting findings show that PWS schemes have been able to reduce water pollution to some extent by establishing collaborative upstream/downstream watershed management policies, thereby improving water quality and quantity, as well as by making government officials more responsible for water resource management. In addition, their continued effectiveness in light of present challenges such as water-quality data availability is discussed. Chinese PWS schemes and their implementation mechanisms also provide information useful in monitoring environmental outcomes and guiding future designs of PWS programs in other regions.

Key words: payments for watershed services (PWS), environmental impacts, water pollution, socioeconomic impacts, watershed management