中国地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 287-295.doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0947-5

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Developing China's National Emission Trading Scheme: Experiences from Existing Global Schemes and China's Pilot Programs

NING Bolun1,2,3,4, ZHU Yongguan4,5, XU Zhihong3, FU Bojie4   

  1. 1. College of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    2. Bureau of International Cooperation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China;
    3. School of Bio-molecular and Physical Sciences, Griffith University, Nathan, QLD 4111, Australia;
    4. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China;
    5. Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-26 修回日期:2017-11-06 出版日期:2018-04-27 发布日期:2018-02-08
  • 通讯作者: FU Bojie.E-mail:bfu@rcees.ac.cn E-mail:bfu@rcees.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the National Key Research & Development Program of China (No. 2017YFA0604700)

Developing China's National Emission Trading Scheme: Experiences from Existing Global Schemes and China's Pilot Programs

NING Bolun1,2,3,4, ZHU Yongguan4,5, XU Zhihong3, FU Bojie4   

  1. 1. College of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    2. Bureau of International Cooperation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China;
    3. School of Bio-molecular and Physical Sciences, Griffith University, Nathan, QLD 4111, Australia;
    4. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China;
    5. Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
  • Received:2017-09-26 Revised:2017-11-06 Online:2018-04-27 Published:2018-02-08
  • Contact: FU Bojie.E-mail:bfu@rcees.ac.cn E-mail:bfu@rcees.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of the National Key Research & Development Program of China (No. 2017YFA0604700)

摘要:

Market-based emission trading schemes (ETSs) are widely used in the developed world to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions which are perceived as the source of global climate change. China, as the largest GHG emitter in the world, is committed to introducing an ETS to reduce emissions. Here we reviewed existing ETSs and sustainable energy policies worldwide as well as China's pilot programs. These studies were conducted in order to propose recommendations for national initiatives and strategies to be implemented in China in relation to climate change adaptation and mitigation. It has been shown that setting emission caps in the context of a national emission intensity target is difficult. However, implementing reliable systems for measurement, reporting, and verification of emissions are essential. A two-level management system (by central and provincial governments) for carbon trading is beneficial to ensure uniform standards and compliance while maintaining flexibility. Persistent political support from, and effective coordination of, policies by the government are crucial. In addition, strengthening of institutional innovation, and the establishment of a national GHG emissions information system, are of equal importance. This vital information could provide a great opportunity for China to re-define its economic growth and take global leadership in combatting climate change.

关键词: carbon dioxide (CO2), greenhouse gas emissions, climate change, energy policy, pilot program

Abstract:

Market-based emission trading schemes (ETSs) are widely used in the developed world to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions which are perceived as the source of global climate change. China, as the largest GHG emitter in the world, is committed to introducing an ETS to reduce emissions. Here we reviewed existing ETSs and sustainable energy policies worldwide as well as China's pilot programs. These studies were conducted in order to propose recommendations for national initiatives and strategies to be implemented in China in relation to climate change adaptation and mitigation. It has been shown that setting emission caps in the context of a national emission intensity target is difficult. However, implementing reliable systems for measurement, reporting, and verification of emissions are essential. A two-level management system (by central and provincial governments) for carbon trading is beneficial to ensure uniform standards and compliance while maintaining flexibility. Persistent political support from, and effective coordination of, policies by the government are crucial. In addition, strengthening of institutional innovation, and the establishment of a national GHG emissions information system, are of equal importance. This vital information could provide a great opportunity for China to re-define its economic growth and take global leadership in combatting climate change.

Key words: carbon dioxide (CO2), greenhouse gas emissions, climate change, energy policy, pilot program