中国地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 202-216.doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0942-x

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

China's Global Shipping Connectivity: Internal and External Dynamics in the Contemporary Era (1890-2016)

Cesar DUCRUET1, WANG Liehui2,3   

  1. 1. French National Center for Scientific Research, UMR 8504 Géographie-cités, Paris F-75006, France;
    2. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
    3. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-10 修回日期:2017-10-10 出版日期:2018-04-27 发布日期:2018-02-08
  • 通讯作者: WANG Liehui.E-mail:lhwang@re.ecnu.edu.cn E-mail:lhwang@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspice of European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013)/ERC (313847)‘World Seastems’, National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.41371140), National Social Science Foundation of China (No.16ZDA016)

China's Global Shipping Connectivity: Internal and External Dynamics in the Contemporary Era (1890-2016)

Cesar DUCRUET1, WANG Liehui2,3   

  1. 1. French National Center for Scientific Research, UMR 8504 Géographie-cités, Paris F-75006, France;
    2. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
    3. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2017-06-10 Revised:2017-10-10 Online:2018-04-27 Published:2018-02-08
  • Contact: WANG Liehui.E-mail:lhwang@re.ecnu.edu.cn E-mail:lhwang@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspice of European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013)/ERC (313847)‘World Seastems’, National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.41371140), National Social Science Foundation of China (No.16ZDA016)

摘要:

China's global shipping connectivity had been somewhat overlooked as the bulk of related studies predominantly focused on the throughput volume of its own port cities. This article tackles such lacunae by providing a relational perspective based on the extraction of vessel movement archives from the Lloyd's List corpus. Two complementary analyses are proposed:long-term dynamics with all ships included (1890-2008) and medium-term dynamics focusing on container flows (1978-2016). Each analysis examines China's maritime connectivity in various ways and on different spatial scales, from the global to the local, in terms of concentration, vulnerability, and expansion. The main results underline the influence of technological, economic, and political factors on the changing distribution of connectivity internally and externally. In particular, China has managed to reduce its dependence upon external transit hubs, to increase the internal connectivity of its own port system, and to strengthen its dominance towards an increasing number of foreign nodes and trade partners through the maritime network.

关键词: China, connectivity, maritime network, port system, vessel movements

Abstract:

China's global shipping connectivity had been somewhat overlooked as the bulk of related studies predominantly focused on the throughput volume of its own port cities. This article tackles such lacunae by providing a relational perspective based on the extraction of vessel movement archives from the Lloyd's List corpus. Two complementary analyses are proposed:long-term dynamics with all ships included (1890-2008) and medium-term dynamics focusing on container flows (1978-2016). Each analysis examines China's maritime connectivity in various ways and on different spatial scales, from the global to the local, in terms of concentration, vulnerability, and expansion. The main results underline the influence of technological, economic, and political factors on the changing distribution of connectivity internally and externally. In particular, China has managed to reduce its dependence upon external transit hubs, to increase the internal connectivity of its own port system, and to strengthen its dominance towards an increasing number of foreign nodes and trade partners through the maritime network.

Key words: China, connectivity, maritime network, port system, vessel movements