中国地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 167-182.doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0915-5

• 论文 • 上一篇    

Implications for Cultural Landscape in a Chinese Context: Geo-analysis of Spatial Distribution of Historic Sites

WANG Fang1,2, MAO Wen3, DONG Ying3, ZHU Xiaohua4   

  1. 1. Sino-German Joint Laboratory on Urbanization and Locality Research(UAL), College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    3. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    4. Institute of Ge-ographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-27 修回日期:2017-06-22 出版日期:2018-02-27 发布日期:2018-01-04
  • 通讯作者: ZHU Xiaohua E-mail:zhuxh@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the Sino-German Center (National Natural Science Foundation of China and the German Science Foundation) (No. GZ1201), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51078003)

Implications for Cultural Landscape in a Chinese Context: Geo-analysis of Spatial Distribution of Historic Sites

WANG Fang1,2, MAO Wen3, DONG Ying3, ZHU Xiaohua4   

  1. 1. Sino-German Joint Laboratory on Urbanization and Locality Research(UAL), College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    3. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    4. Institute of Ge-ographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-03-27 Revised:2017-06-22 Online:2018-02-27 Published:2018-01-04
  • Contact: ZHU Xiaohua E-mail:zhuxh@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of the Sino-German Center (National Natural Science Foundation of China and the German Science Foundation) (No. GZ1201), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51078003)

摘要:

The protection of historic sites, especially their relationship with urban development, has become a worldwide issue, both in developed and developing countries. In the context of rapid urbanization in China, the realistic compatibility between urban construction and the protection of historic sites is always a key research topic. In this study, first, to comprehend their spatial distribution patterns, 828 historic sites throughout the country are selected based on certain criteria. Then, we conduct quantitative research using GIS software, adopting indicators that include Nearest Neighbor Index, Gini Coefficient, and Geographic Concentration Index to analyze the spatial characteristics of historic sites on the three levels of city, province and nation. The results indicate that the spatial distribution of the different types of historic sites is an agglomeration on the nationwide scale, most of which is located in the regions of the Pearl (Zhujiang) River Delta, Yangtze (Changjiang) River Delta and Beijing-Tianjin Region. Because the majority of historic sites are located within approximately 10 km of the downtown area, a certain pattern has emerged, showing that the larger cities own more historic areas, which are in a more incomplete state of preservation, indicating the fragmentation of heritage spaces. The formation mechanism of the historic sites' distribution pattern is based on the conditions of the cities/towns as well as the bid-rent theory.

关键词: historic site, cultural landscape, spatial distribution, Geo-analysis, ancient city/town, past heritage block, recent industrial heritage district

Abstract:

The protection of historic sites, especially their relationship with urban development, has become a worldwide issue, both in developed and developing countries. In the context of rapid urbanization in China, the realistic compatibility between urban construction and the protection of historic sites is always a key research topic. In this study, first, to comprehend their spatial distribution patterns, 828 historic sites throughout the country are selected based on certain criteria. Then, we conduct quantitative research using GIS software, adopting indicators that include Nearest Neighbor Index, Gini Coefficient, and Geographic Concentration Index to analyze the spatial characteristics of historic sites on the three levels of city, province and nation. The results indicate that the spatial distribution of the different types of historic sites is an agglomeration on the nationwide scale, most of which is located in the regions of the Pearl (Zhujiang) River Delta, Yangtze (Changjiang) River Delta and Beijing-Tianjin Region. Because the majority of historic sites are located within approximately 10 km of the downtown area, a certain pattern has emerged, showing that the larger cities own more historic areas, which are in a more incomplete state of preservation, indicating the fragmentation of heritage spaces. The formation mechanism of the historic sites' distribution pattern is based on the conditions of the cities/towns as well as the bid-rent theory.

Key words: historic site, cultural landscape, spatial distribution, Geo-analysis, ancient city/town, past heritage block, recent industrial heritage district