中国地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 648-659.doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0892-8

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Pulling Vs. Pushing: Effect of Climatic Factors on Periodical Fluctuation of Russian and South Korean Tourist Demand in Hainan Island, China

CHEN Fan1, LIU Jun1, GE Quansheng2   

  1. 1. Tourism School, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-26 修回日期:2017-03-09 出版日期:2017-08-27 发布日期:2017-06-30
  • 通讯作者: LIU Jun.E-mail:liujun_igsnrr@126.com E-mail:liujun_igsnrr@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41430528, 41671036), Ministry of Education of Humanities, Social Science Project (No. 16YJC790060), Social Science Planning Annual Project of Sichuan, China (No. SC15B046), Soft Science Research Project of Sichuan, China (No. 2015ZR0225), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. skqy201639)

Pulling Vs. Pushing: Effect of Climatic Factors on Periodical Fluctuation of Russian and South Korean Tourist Demand in Hainan Island, China

CHEN Fan1, LIU Jun1, GE Quansheng2   

  1. 1. Tourism School, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2016-11-26 Revised:2017-03-09 Online:2017-08-27 Published:2017-06-30
  • Contact: LIU Jun.E-mail:liujun_igsnrr@126.com E-mail:liujun_igsnrr@126.com
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41430528, 41671036), Ministry of Education of Humanities, Social Science Project (No. 16YJC790060), Social Science Planning Annual Project of Sichuan, China (No. SC15B046), Soft Science Research Project of Sichuan, China (No. 2015ZR0225), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. skqy201639)

摘要:

While climate is an important factor attracting tourists to certain destinations, it can also motivate people residing in a country with a harsh climate to move to another location. By applying X-12 decompositions and a panel data regression analysis, this study analyzes the pull and push effects of climatic seasonal factors between destination (Hainan Island, China) and source countries (Russia and South Korea). The findings show that climatic seasonal factors have significant pulling and pushing effects on seasonal patterns of tourism demand, with temperature being the main factor. Furthermore, the number of paid vacation days in the source country affects that country's sensitivity to climatic seasonal factors; countries with a higher numbers of paid vacation days are more sensitive to climatic conditions. Lastly, future global warming may causes the aforementioned pull and push effects to abate, which will have an unavoidable influence on tourism industries.

关键词: seasonality, climate, tourism demand, Hainan Island, China

Abstract:

While climate is an important factor attracting tourists to certain destinations, it can also motivate people residing in a country with a harsh climate to move to another location. By applying X-12 decompositions and a panel data regression analysis, this study analyzes the pull and push effects of climatic seasonal factors between destination (Hainan Island, China) and source countries (Russia and South Korea). The findings show that climatic seasonal factors have significant pulling and pushing effects on seasonal patterns of tourism demand, with temperature being the main factor. Furthermore, the number of paid vacation days in the source country affects that country's sensitivity to climatic seasonal factors; countries with a higher numbers of paid vacation days are more sensitive to climatic conditions. Lastly, future global warming may causes the aforementioned pull and push effects to abate, which will have an unavoidable influence on tourism industries.

Key words: seasonality, climate, tourism demand, Hainan Island, China