中国地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 497-506.doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0879-5

• 论文 • 上一篇    

Spatial Agglomeration of Exhibition Enterprises on a Regional Scale in China

FANG Zhongquan1, ZHANG Ying1, WANG Zhangjun2, ZHANG Lifeng1   

  1. 1. College of Tourism, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. School of Management, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-15 修回日期:2016-11-11 出版日期:2017-06-27 发布日期:2017-05-09
  • 通讯作者: ZHANG Ying. E-mail: zhang_y1997@163.com E-mail:zhang_y1997@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of Humanities and Social Science Foundation of Ministry of Education of China (No.10YJA790047), Funding Project for Academic Human Resources Development in Beijing Union University

Spatial Agglomeration of Exhibition Enterprises on a Regional Scale in China

FANG Zhongquan1, ZHANG Ying1, WANG Zhangjun2, ZHANG Lifeng1   

  1. 1. College of Tourism, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. School of Management, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
  • Received:2016-07-15 Revised:2016-11-11 Online:2017-06-27 Published:2017-05-09
  • Contact: ZHANG Ying. E-mail: zhang_y1997@163.com E-mail:zhang_y1997@163.com
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of Humanities and Social Science Foundation of Ministry of Education of China (No.10YJA790047), Funding Project for Academic Human Resources Development in Beijing Union University

摘要:

During the past two decades, the exhibition industry in China has been developing rapidly and has become an important part of the modern service industry, particularly the agglomeration characteristics of exhibition enterprises highlighted on the regional scale. Although the development of theoretical research on the western exhibition industry has taken place over time, the spatial perspective has not been at the centre of attention so far. This paper aims to fill this gap and report on the agglomeration characteristics of exhibition enterprises and their influential factors. Based on data about exhibition enterprises in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) during 1991-2013, using the Ripley K function analysis and kernel density estimation, this research identifies that: 1) the exhibition enterprise on the regional scale is significantly characterized by spatial agglomeration, and the agglomeration density and scale are continuously increasing; 2) the spatial pattern of agglomeration has developed from a single-center to multi-center form. Meanwhile, this paper profiles the factors influencing the spatial agglomeration of exhibition enterprises by selecting the panel data of nine cities in the PRD in 1999, 2002, 2006 and 2013. The results show that market capacity, urban informatization level and exhibition venues significantly influence the location choice of exhibition enterprises. Among them, the market capacity is a variable that exerts a far greater impact than other factors do.

关键词: exhibition enterprises, spatial agglomeration, Ripley K function analysis, regional scale, Pearl River Delta

Abstract:

During the past two decades, the exhibition industry in China has been developing rapidly and has become an important part of the modern service industry, particularly the agglomeration characteristics of exhibition enterprises highlighted on the regional scale. Although the development of theoretical research on the western exhibition industry has taken place over time, the spatial perspective has not been at the centre of attention so far. This paper aims to fill this gap and report on the agglomeration characteristics of exhibition enterprises and their influential factors. Based on data about exhibition enterprises in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) during 1991-2013, using the Ripley K function analysis and kernel density estimation, this research identifies that: 1) the exhibition enterprise on the regional scale is significantly characterized by spatial agglomeration, and the agglomeration density and scale are continuously increasing; 2) the spatial pattern of agglomeration has developed from a single-center to multi-center form. Meanwhile, this paper profiles the factors influencing the spatial agglomeration of exhibition enterprises by selecting the panel data of nine cities in the PRD in 1999, 2002, 2006 and 2013. The results show that market capacity, urban informatization level and exhibition venues significantly influence the location choice of exhibition enterprises. Among them, the market capacity is a variable that exerts a far greater impact than other factors do.

Key words: exhibition enterprises, spatial agglomeration, Ripley K function analysis, regional scale, Pearl River Delta