中国地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (2): 286-297.doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0863-0

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Rural Landscape Types and Recreational Value Spatial Analysis of Valley Area of Loess Plateau: A Case of Hulu Watershed, Gansu Province, China

DONG Suocheng1, CHENG Hao1,2, LI Yu1, LI Fujia1, WANG Zhe1,2, CHEN Feng1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-22 修回日期:2016-08-19 出版日期:2017-04-27 发布日期:2017-03-07
  • 通讯作者: CHENG Hao.E-mail:chenghao0011@163.com E-mail:chenghao0011@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41271556, 41301637)

Rural Landscape Types and Recreational Value Spatial Analysis of Valley Area of Loess Plateau: A Case of Hulu Watershed, Gansu Province, China

DONG Suocheng1, CHENG Hao1,2, LI Yu1, LI Fujia1, WANG Zhe1,2, CHEN Feng1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-04-22 Revised:2016-08-19 Online:2017-04-27 Published:2017-03-07
  • Contact: 10.1007/s11769-017-0863-0 E-mail:chenghao0011@163.com
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41271556, 41301637)

摘要:

Rural landscape is a complex of natural landscape and human landscape, with various values. The recreational value of rural landscape is a kind of comprehensive benefit with economic, social and ecological, which is provided by the rural landscape as a recreational resource. Loess Plateau is located at the junction of northern and northwestern of China, with serious water and soil erosion and fragile ecological environment. Jingning County is the national poor county, belonging to Liupanshan concentrated poverty areas. Hulu Watershed in Jingning is the typical valley area of Loess Plateau. In the past few decades, Jingning facing the fragile ecology and poverty, has been focusing on apple industry, forming unique rural landscape, exploring an ecological development path, and making much progress in green industrialization and urbanization. The author, according to the apple tree's growing stages, divided the rural landscape of Hulu Watershed into 15 types and analyzed its spatial patterns. The recreational value of Hulu Watershed was evaluated at 1.8×108-3.6×108 yuan (RMB) in 2014, by Travel Cost Method and Contingent Valuation Method. The territorial differentiational features of recreational value were that the higher value landscape types concentrated in the surrounding areas of towns and central villages, and the areas along the traffic and river had more development potentiality. The main influence factors were the construction of rural landscape and the development of recreation industry. And the development paths of different landscape types were also proposed. The research conclusions can provide reference for the landscape exploration and recreation industry development in the similar underdeveloped areas in the valley area of Loess Plateau with fragile ecology and poverty.

关键词: rural landscape, recreational value, Hulu Watershed, Jingning County, Loess Plateau

Abstract:

Rural landscape is a complex of natural landscape and human landscape, with various values. The recreational value of rural landscape is a kind of comprehensive benefit with economic, social and ecological, which is provided by the rural landscape as a recreational resource. Loess Plateau is located at the junction of northern and northwestern of China, with serious water and soil erosion and fragile ecological environment. Jingning County is the national poor county, belonging to Liupanshan concentrated poverty areas. Hulu Watershed in Jingning is the typical valley area of Loess Plateau. In the past few decades, Jingning facing the fragile ecology and poverty, has been focusing on apple industry, forming unique rural landscape, exploring an ecological development path, and making much progress in green industrialization and urbanization. The author, according to the apple tree's growing stages, divided the rural landscape of Hulu Watershed into 15 types and analyzed its spatial patterns. The recreational value of Hulu Watershed was evaluated at 1.8×108-3.6×108 yuan (RMB) in 2014, by Travel Cost Method and Contingent Valuation Method. The territorial differentiational features of recreational value were that the higher value landscape types concentrated in the surrounding areas of towns and central villages, and the areas along the traffic and river had more development potentiality. The main influence factors were the construction of rural landscape and the development of recreation industry. And the development paths of different landscape types were also proposed. The research conclusions can provide reference for the landscape exploration and recreation industry development in the similar underdeveloped areas in the valley area of Loess Plateau with fragile ecology and poverty.

Key words: rural landscape, recreational value, Hulu Watershed, Jingning County, Loess Plateau