中国地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (6): 817-828.doi: 10.1007/s11769-016-0822-1

• 论文 • 上一篇    

Tourism Competitiveness Evaluation and Spatio-temporal Characteristics of Chinese Border Counties

SHI Yuqing1,2, ZHONG Linsheng1, CHEN Tian1, YU Hu1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-05 修回日期:2015-09-28 出版日期:2016-12-27 发布日期:2016-11-05
  • 通讯作者: ZHONG Linsheng.E-mail:zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn. E-mail:zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn.
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41171435)

Tourism Competitiveness Evaluation and Spatio-temporal Characteristics of Chinese Border Counties

SHI Yuqing1,2, ZHONG Linsheng1, CHEN Tian1, YU Hu1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-06-05 Revised:2015-09-28 Online:2016-12-27 Published:2016-11-05
  • Contact: ZHONG Linsheng.E-mail:zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn. E-mail:zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn.
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41171435)

摘要:

Under the current government strategy of building a Silk Road economic belt, tourism in Chinese border counties has becoming increasingly popular. Studying tourism competitiveness in Chinese border counties is of sizable theoretical and practical importance, as there are several notable factors involved. In this study, we constructed a tourism competitiveness evaluation model based on eight factors:natural environment, tourism resource, location and transportation, social environment, tourism service facility, border port, tourism industrial cluster and tourism market. We then analyzed the spatial characteristics of tourism competitiveness in border counties and identified five types of border counties:resource advantage type (RA), border-port advantage type (PA), location advantage type (LA), agglomeration advantage type (AA), and relative balance type (RB), and examined the correlation between tourism market competitiveness and interior competitiveness factors in the counties from 2006 to 2011. Results showed that tourism resource, location and transportation, and tourism service facility are the most important competition factors for RA border counties during the study period. Competition factors in PA counties transferred from tourism resource, social environment and tourism service facility to border port and tourism industrial cluster; competition factors in LA counties transferred from natural environment and tourism resource to tourism service facility and tourism industrial cluster and border port. Competition factors in AA counties transferred from tourism service facility to tourism resource. Tourism industrial cluster, tourism service facility and tourism resource proved to be important competition factors in RB counties. The findings of this study can be used to target tourism strategies according to different county types.

关键词: border counties, tourism competiveness, spatio-temporal characteristics, type classification

Abstract:

Under the current government strategy of building a Silk Road economic belt, tourism in Chinese border counties has becoming increasingly popular. Studying tourism competitiveness in Chinese border counties is of sizable theoretical and practical importance, as there are several notable factors involved. In this study, we constructed a tourism competitiveness evaluation model based on eight factors:natural environment, tourism resource, location and transportation, social environment, tourism service facility, border port, tourism industrial cluster and tourism market. We then analyzed the spatial characteristics of tourism competitiveness in border counties and identified five types of border counties:resource advantage type (RA), border-port advantage type (PA), location advantage type (LA), agglomeration advantage type (AA), and relative balance type (RB), and examined the correlation between tourism market competitiveness and interior competitiveness factors in the counties from 2006 to 2011. Results showed that tourism resource, location and transportation, and tourism service facility are the most important competition factors for RA border counties during the study period. Competition factors in PA counties transferred from tourism resource, social environment and tourism service facility to border port and tourism industrial cluster; competition factors in LA counties transferred from natural environment and tourism resource to tourism service facility and tourism industrial cluster and border port. Competition factors in AA counties transferred from tourism service facility to tourism resource. Tourism industrial cluster, tourism service facility and tourism resource proved to be important competition factors in RB counties. The findings of this study can be used to target tourism strategies according to different county types.

Key words: border counties, tourism competiveness, spatio-temporal characteristics, type classification