中国地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (3): 366-376.doi: 10.1007/s11769-016-0814-1

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Evolution Process of Urban Spatial Pattern in Hubei Province Based on DMSP/OLS Nighttime Light Data

ZHENG Wensheng1,2, RUN Jiying3, ZHUO Rongrong1,2, JIANG Yupei1,2, WANG Xiaofang1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory for Geographical Process Analysis & Simulation, Hubei Province, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China;
    2. Academy of Wuhan Metropolitan Area, Hubei Development and Reform Commission & Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China;
    3. Chongqing Geomatics Center, Chongqing 401121, China
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-11 修回日期:2016-03-10 出版日期:2016-06-27 发布日期:2016-05-09
  • 通讯作者: WANG Xiaofang E-mail:wangxiaofang@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41001100, 41371183), Humanities and Social Sciences Foundation of Ministry of Education in China (No.15YJCZH174), Humanities Sciences Foundation of Ministry of Hubei Province (No. 15YJCZH174), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. CCNU15A06069, CCNU15ZD001)

Evolution Process of Urban Spatial Pattern in Hubei Province Based on DMSP/OLS Nighttime Light Data

ZHENG Wensheng1,2, RUN Jiying3, ZHUO Rongrong1,2, JIANG Yupei1,2, WANG Xiaofang1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory for Geographical Process Analysis & Simulation, Hubei Province, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China;
    2. Academy of Wuhan Metropolitan Area, Hubei Development and Reform Commission & Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China;
    3. Chongqing Geomatics Center, Chongqing 401121, China
  • Received:2015-12-11 Revised:2016-03-10 Online:2016-06-27 Published:2016-05-09
  • Contact: WANG Xiaofang E-mail:wangxiaofang@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41001100, 41371183), Humanities and Social Sciences Foundation of Ministry of Education in China (No.15YJCZH174), Humanities Sciences Foundation of Ministry of Hubei Province (No. 15YJCZH174), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. CCNU15A06069, CCNU15ZD001)

摘要:

This paper intends to investigate the urban spatial patterns of Hubei Province and its evolution from three different perspectives: urban nodes, urban connections and urban clusters. The research adopts nighttime light imagery of cities in Hubei Province, the viewpoint of ‘point-axis-area’ in the ‘point-axis system’ theory, and employs light index model, gravity model and social network analysis. The findings are as follows: 1) In terms of urban nodes, the urbanization process of Hubei has been carried out mainly on the basis of external expansion rather than internal increasing. The polarization trend of urban connection network is strengthening. 2) As for urban connections, the estimation of urban connections using light index model is capable of containing various actual flow, and the connections are getting increasingly closer. 3) In regard to urban groups, seven urban groups of varying sizes have formed. On that basis, three stable and relatively independent urban groups as the centers, namely Wuchang, Yichang and Xiangyang emerge as well. But the structures of ‘Wuhan Metropolitan Area’, ‘Yichang-Jingzhou-Jingmen City Group’ and ‘Xiangyang-Shiyen-Suizhou City Group’, which are defined by local development strategy in Hubei Province, are different from the above three urban groups.

关键词: Defence Meteorological Satellite Program's Operational Linescan System (DMSP/OLS), urban spatial pattern, point-axis-area, Hubei Province, China

Abstract:

This paper intends to investigate the urban spatial patterns of Hubei Province and its evolution from three different perspectives: urban nodes, urban connections and urban clusters. The research adopts nighttime light imagery of cities in Hubei Province, the viewpoint of ‘point-axis-area’ in the ‘point-axis system’ theory, and employs light index model, gravity model and social network analysis. The findings are as follows: 1) In terms of urban nodes, the urbanization process of Hubei has been carried out mainly on the basis of external expansion rather than internal increasing. The polarization trend of urban connection network is strengthening. 2) As for urban connections, the estimation of urban connections using light index model is capable of containing various actual flow, and the connections are getting increasingly closer. 3) In regard to urban groups, seven urban groups of varying sizes have formed. On that basis, three stable and relatively independent urban groups as the centers, namely Wuchang, Yichang and Xiangyang emerge as well. But the structures of ‘Wuhan Metropolitan Area’, ‘Yichang-Jingzhou-Jingmen City Group’ and ‘Xiangyang-Shiyen-Suizhou City Group’, which are defined by local development strategy in Hubei Province, are different from the above three urban groups.

Key words: Defence Meteorological Satellite Program's Operational Linescan System (DMSP/OLS), urban spatial pattern, point-axis-area, Hubei Province, China