中国地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (2): 143-154.doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0790-x

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Wetland Economic Valuation Approaches and Prospects in China

JIANG Bo1,2, Christina P. WONG3, CUI Lijuan4, OUYANG Zhiyun1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China;
    2. Changjiang Water Resources Protection Institute, Wuhan 430051, China;
    3. School of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, U.S.A.;
    4. Institute of Wetland Research, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
  • 收稿日期:2014-10-23 修回日期:2015-01-28 出版日期:2016-02-27 发布日期:2016-02-25
  • 通讯作者: OUYANG Zhiyun E-mail:zyouyang@rcees.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of Forestry Nonprofit Industry Scientific Research Special Project (No. 201204201), National Key Technology Research and Development Program of China (No. 2011BAJ07B05)

Wetland Economic Valuation Approaches and Prospects in China

JIANG Bo1,2, Christina P. WONG3, CUI Lijuan4, OUYANG Zhiyun1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China;
    2. Changjiang Water Resources Protection Institute, Wuhan 430051, China;
    3. School of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, U.S.A.;
    4. Institute of Wetland Research, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
  • Received:2014-10-23 Revised:2015-01-28 Online:2016-02-27 Published:2016-02-25
  • Contact: OUYANG Zhiyun E-mail:zyouyang@rcees.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of Forestry Nonprofit Industry Scientific Research Special Project (No. 201204201), National Key Technology Research and Development Program of China (No. 2011BAJ07B05)

摘要:

Ecosystem services valuation seeks to increase the social relevance of ecosystem characteristics, the underlying biological mechanisms that support services, by making the contribution of ecosystems to human well-being explicit. Economic valuation can help management by clarifying the full range of benefits and costs of proposed management actions. In the past two decades, economic valuation of wetland ecosystem services has become one of the most significant scientific priorities for wetland protection. In this paper, we provide an overview of ecosystem services, and summarize the main interdisciplinary approaches to measure and value wetland ecosystem services. We identified four main methodological gaps preventing progress on wetland valuation of ecosystem services in China, which are: 1) confusion on terminology like intermediate and final ecosystem services, 2) lack of ecological production functions to link ecosystem characteristics to final ecosystem services, 3) static valuation making it difficult to evaluate the trade-offs and synergies among ecosystem services, and 4) lack of clear guidance on relating ecological compensation programs to conservation targets. Overcoming these gaps is important to inform wetland compensation mechanisms and conservation policies. We propose future research on wetland ecosystem services in China should be focused on: 1) defining final ecosystem services based on beneficiary preferences and underlying biophysical mechanisms, 2) establishing wetland monitoring programs at specific sites to collect data on final ecosystem service indicators and ecosystem characteristic metrics to create ecological production functions for economic valuation and rescaling techniques, and 3) incorporating wetland ecosystem service values into decision-making processes to inform wetland management.

关键词: ecosystem services, wetlands, economic valuation, methodological gaps, China

Abstract:

Ecosystem services valuation seeks to increase the social relevance of ecosystem characteristics, the underlying biological mechanisms that support services, by making the contribution of ecosystems to human well-being explicit. Economic valuation can help management by clarifying the full range of benefits and costs of proposed management actions. In the past two decades, economic valuation of wetland ecosystem services has become one of the most significant scientific priorities for wetland protection. In this paper, we provide an overview of ecosystem services, and summarize the main interdisciplinary approaches to measure and value wetland ecosystem services. We identified four main methodological gaps preventing progress on wetland valuation of ecosystem services in China, which are: 1) confusion on terminology like intermediate and final ecosystem services, 2) lack of ecological production functions to link ecosystem characteristics to final ecosystem services, 3) static valuation making it difficult to evaluate the trade-offs and synergies among ecosystem services, and 4) lack of clear guidance on relating ecological compensation programs to conservation targets. Overcoming these gaps is important to inform wetland compensation mechanisms and conservation policies. We propose future research on wetland ecosystem services in China should be focused on: 1) defining final ecosystem services based on beneficiary preferences and underlying biophysical mechanisms, 2) establishing wetland monitoring programs at specific sites to collect data on final ecosystem service indicators and ecosystem characteristic metrics to create ecological production functions for economic valuation and rescaling techniques, and 3) incorporating wetland ecosystem service values into decision-making processes to inform wetland management.

Key words: ecosystem services, wetlands, economic valuation, methodological gaps, China