中国地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (5): 602-611.doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0780-z

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Remote Sensing Monitoring of Gullies on a Regional Scale: A Case Study of Kebai Region in Heilongjiang Province, China

ZHANG Shuwen1,2, LI Fei2, LI Tianqi3, YANG Jiuchun1, BU Kun1, CHANG Liping1, WANG Wenjuan1, YAN Yechao1   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China;
    2. College of Earth Science, Jilin University, Changchun 130102, China;
    3. Henan University, Kaifeng 475204, China
  • 收稿日期:2014-07-14 修回日期:2014-11-12 出版日期:2015-05-27 发布日期:2015-07-30
  • 通讯作者: ZHANG Shuwen.E-mail:zhangshuwen@neigae.ac.cn E-mail:zhangshuwen@neigae.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41271416), Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDA05090310)

Remote Sensing Monitoring of Gullies on a Regional Scale: A Case Study of Kebai Region in Heilongjiang Province, China

ZHANG Shuwen1,2, LI Fei2, LI Tianqi3, YANG Jiuchun1, BU Kun1, CHANG Liping1, WANG Wenjuan1, YAN Yechao1   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China;
    2. College of Earth Science, Jilin University, Changchun 130102, China;
    3. Henan University, Kaifeng 475204, China
  • Received:2014-07-14 Revised:2014-11-12 Online:2015-05-27 Published:2015-07-30
  • Contact: ZHANG Shuwen.E-mail:zhangshuwen@neigae.ac.cn E-mail:zhangshuwen@neigae.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41271416), Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDA05090310)

摘要:

Gully erosion is one of the major causes of land degradation in most areas and attracts increasing attention from researchers. We monitored gullies in the Kebai region in Heilongjiang Province of China by using remote sensing data and found that gully density increased with the increase in slope when the slope was less than 3°. Gully density in sunny slopes or windward slopes was greater than in shady slopes or leeward slopes because of the impacts of freezing and thawing, wind and solar radiation. Specifically, the gully density in northeast slope was the greatest and in southwest was the smallest. Gully density was reduced with increasing slope length and the longer the slope length, the less the gully density changed between 1965 and 2005. Affected by runoff, gullies most easily to occur in concave slopes and the critical elevation for gully erosion was 250-275 m. Moreover, hilly regions had the greatest gully density, followed by tableland regions, whereas the gully density in flatlands was the lowest. However, the gully density of these three types of landforms all increased between 1945 and 2000, and the portion of increase was 57.45% (hill), 52.91% (mesa) and 25.32% (plain), respectively.

关键词: gully density, gully erosion, monitoring, remote sensing, Kebai region, China

Abstract:

Gully erosion is one of the major causes of land degradation in most areas and attracts increasing attention from researchers. We monitored gullies in the Kebai region in Heilongjiang Province of China by using remote sensing data and found that gully density increased with the increase in slope when the slope was less than 3°. Gully density in sunny slopes or windward slopes was greater than in shady slopes or leeward slopes because of the impacts of freezing and thawing, wind and solar radiation. Specifically, the gully density in northeast slope was the greatest and in southwest was the smallest. Gully density was reduced with increasing slope length and the longer the slope length, the less the gully density changed between 1965 and 2005. Affected by runoff, gullies most easily to occur in concave slopes and the critical elevation for gully erosion was 250-275 m. Moreover, hilly regions had the greatest gully density, followed by tableland regions, whereas the gully density in flatlands was the lowest. However, the gully density of these three types of landforms all increased between 1945 and 2000, and the portion of increase was 57.45% (hill), 52.91% (mesa) and 25.32% (plain), respectively.

Key words: gully density, gully erosion, monitoring, remote sensing, Kebai region, China