中国地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (6): 698-712.doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0770-1

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Industrial Spatial Agglomeration Using Distance-based Approach in Beijing, China

LI Jiaming1,2,3, ZHANG Wenzhong1,3, YU Jianhui1,3, CHEN Hongxia4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    4. School of Government, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
  • 收稿日期:2014-08-26 修回日期:2014-11-21 出版日期:2015-06-27 发布日期:2015-11-05
  • 通讯作者: YU Jianhui. E-mail: Yujh@igssnrr.ac.cn E-mail:Yujh@igssnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of State Key Program of National Natural Science of China (No. 41230632), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41301123, 41201169)

Industrial Spatial Agglomeration Using Distance-based Approach in Beijing, China

LI Jiaming1,2,3, ZHANG Wenzhong1,3, YU Jianhui1,3, CHEN Hongxia4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    4. School of Government, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2014-08-26 Revised:2014-11-21 Online:2015-06-27 Published:2015-11-05
  • Contact: YU Jianhui. E-mail: Yujh@igssnrr.ac.cn E-mail:Yujh@igssnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of State Key Program of National Natural Science of China (No. 41230632), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41301123, 41201169)

摘要:

To study the difference of industrial location among different industries, this article is to test the spatial agglomeration across industries and firm sizes at the city level. Our research bases on a unique plant-level data set of Beijing and employs a distance-based approach, which considers space as continuous. Unlike previous studies, we set two sets of references for service and manufacturing industries respectively to adapt to the investigation in the intra-urban area. Comparing among eight types of industries and different firm sizes, we find that: 1) producer service, high-tech industries and labor-intensive manufacturing industries are more likely to cluster, whereas personal service and capital-intensive industries tend to be randomly dispersed in Beijing; 2) the spillover of the co-location of firms is more important to knowledge-intensive industries and has more significant impact on their allocation than business-oriented services in the intra-urban area; 3) the spatial agglomeration of service industries are driven by larger establishments, whereas manufacturing industries are mixed.

关键词: distance-based approach, spatial agglomeration, intra-urban area, Beijing

Abstract:

To study the difference of industrial location among different industries, this article is to test the spatial agglomeration across industries and firm sizes at the city level. Our research bases on a unique plant-level data set of Beijing and employs a distance-based approach, which considers space as continuous. Unlike previous studies, we set two sets of references for service and manufacturing industries respectively to adapt to the investigation in the intra-urban area. Comparing among eight types of industries and different firm sizes, we find that: 1) producer service, high-tech industries and labor-intensive manufacturing industries are more likely to cluster, whereas personal service and capital-intensive industries tend to be randomly dispersed in Beijing; 2) the spillover of the co-location of firms is more important to knowledge-intensive industries and has more significant impact on their allocation than business-oriented services in the intra-urban area; 3) the spatial agglomeration of service industries are driven by larger establishments, whereas manufacturing industries are mixed.

Key words: distance-based approach, spatial agglomeration, intra-urban area, Beijing