中国地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 109-116.doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0761-2

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Practice and Research Progress on Ecosystem Conservation in Trans-boundary Areas

TANG Lina1, GUI Liuming1, SHAO Guofan2, WANG Luyan1, SHI Longyu1   

  1. 1. Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China;
    2. Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
  • 收稿日期:2014-10-13 修回日期:2015-02-10 出版日期:2016-01-27 发布日期:2015-12-18
  • 通讯作者: SHI Longyu. E-mail:lyshi@iue.ac.cn E-mail:lyshi@iue.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Science and Technology Support Program (No. 2012BAC10B01), Sci-technology Project of Yunnan Province (No. 2012CA013)

Practice and Research Progress on Ecosystem Conservation in Trans-boundary Areas

TANG Lina1, GUI Liuming1, SHAO Guofan2, WANG Luyan1, SHI Longyu1   

  1. 1. Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China;
    2. Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
  • Received:2014-10-13 Revised:2015-02-10 Online:2016-01-27 Published:2015-12-18
  • Contact: SHI Longyu. E-mail:lyshi@iue.ac.cn E-mail:lyshi@iue.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Science and Technology Support Program (No. 2012BAC10B01), Sci-technology Project of Yunnan Province (No. 2012CA013)

摘要:

Many ecosystems extend across national or political boundaries. The consistent and effective protection of these ecosystems in transboundary areas (ETAs) is an important global research focus. Previous research on the protection of such areas can be categorized into seven themes:1) ecological conservation of a single ETA; 2) investigation of the effects of a single conservation measure on a specific ETA; 3) determination of species-level effects due to ETA conservation; 4) comparison of the same protection measures between different ETAs; 5) introduction of a single conservation measure to a specific ETA; 6) understanding the relationship between conservation and sustainable development; and 7) generalization across multiple ETA conservation cases. The protection of ETAs involves various considerations, including funding support, demand and will for collaboration, community and public participation, historical and cultural factors, political backgrounds, uniqueness of biological resources, formulation of laws and regulations, founding of specialized administrative departments, non-governmental organizations, and fairness. Here, we briefly explain the research themes and considerations related to ETA conservation. The most important finding is that most major research themes do not focus on the challenges of ETA conservation. We use two nature reserves located between China and North Korea as examples to identify specific ways to improve ETA conservation on Changbai Mountains. The efficiency of ETA administration still remains low. The study of ETA conservation should focus on concrete regional information and aim to improve existing measures through the accumulation of experience.

关键词: ecosystem in transboundary area (ETA), international cooperation, transboundary cooperation, regional sustainable development, terrestrial ecosystem

Abstract:

Many ecosystems extend across national or political boundaries. The consistent and effective protection of these ecosystems in transboundary areas (ETAs) is an important global research focus. Previous research on the protection of such areas can be categorized into seven themes:1) ecological conservation of a single ETA; 2) investigation of the effects of a single conservation measure on a specific ETA; 3) determination of species-level effects due to ETA conservation; 4) comparison of the same protection measures between different ETAs; 5) introduction of a single conservation measure to a specific ETA; 6) understanding the relationship between conservation and sustainable development; and 7) generalization across multiple ETA conservation cases. The protection of ETAs involves various considerations, including funding support, demand and will for collaboration, community and public participation, historical and cultural factors, political backgrounds, uniqueness of biological resources, formulation of laws and regulations, founding of specialized administrative departments, non-governmental organizations, and fairness. Here, we briefly explain the research themes and considerations related to ETA conservation. The most important finding is that most major research themes do not focus on the challenges of ETA conservation. We use two nature reserves located between China and North Korea as examples to identify specific ways to improve ETA conservation on Changbai Mountains. The efficiency of ETA administration still remains low. The study of ETA conservation should focus on concrete regional information and aim to improve existing measures through the accumulation of experience.

Key words: ecosystem in transboundary area (ETA), international cooperation, transboundary cooperation, regional sustainable development, terrestrial ecosystem