中国地理科学 ›› 2015, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (4): 511-522.doi: 10.1007/s11769-015-0749-y

• 论文 • 上一篇    

Road Centrality and Landscape Spatial Patterns in Wuhan Metropolitan Area, China

LIU Yaolin1,2, WANG Huimin1, JIAO Limin1,2, LIU Yanfang1,2, HE Jianhua1,2, AI Tinghua1,2   

  1. 1. School of Resource and Environment Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Geographical Information System, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
  • 收稿日期:2014-07-18 修回日期:2014-11-14 出版日期:2015-04-27 发布日期:2015-07-30
  • 通讯作者: WANG Huimin. E-mail: hmw@whu.edu.cn E-mail:hmw@whu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Key Technology Research and Development Program of China (No. 2012BAH28B02)

Road Centrality and Landscape Spatial Patterns in Wuhan Metropolitan Area, China

LIU Yaolin1,2, WANG Huimin1, JIAO Limin1,2, LIU Yanfang1,2, HE Jianhua1,2, AI Tinghua1,2   

  1. 1. School of Resource and Environment Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Geographical Information System, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2014-07-18 Revised:2014-11-14 Online:2015-04-27 Published:2015-07-30
  • Contact: WANG Huimin. E-mail: hmw@whu.edu.cn E-mail:hmw@whu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Key Technology Research and Development Program of China (No. 2012BAH28B02)

摘要:

Road network is a corridor system that interacts with surrounding landscapes, and understanding their interaction helps to develop an optimal plan for sustainable transportation and land use. This study investigates the relationships between road centrality and landscape patterns in the Wuhan Metropolitan Area, China. The densities of centrality measures, including closeness, betweenness, and straightness, are calculated by kernel density estimation (KDE). The landscape patterns are characterized by four landscape metrics, including percentage of landscape (PLAND), Shannon's diversity index (SHDI), mean patch size (MPS), and mean shape index (MSI). Spearman rank correlation analysis is then used to quantify their relationships at both landscape and class levels. The results show that the centrality measures can reflect the hierarchy of road network as they associate with road grade. Further analysis exhibit that as centrality densities increase, the whole landscape becomes more fragmented and regular. At the class level, the forest gradually decreases and becomes fragmented, while the construction land increases and turns to more compact. Therefore, these findings indicate that the ability and potential applications of centrality densities estimated by KDE in quantifying the relationships between roads and landscapes, can provide detailed information and valuable guidance for transportation and land-use planning as well as a new insight into ecological effects of roads.

关键词: road centrality, landscape patterns, kernel density estimation (KDE), landscape metrics, Wuhan Metropolitan Area, China

Abstract:

Road network is a corridor system that interacts with surrounding landscapes, and understanding their interaction helps to develop an optimal plan for sustainable transportation and land use. This study investigates the relationships between road centrality and landscape patterns in the Wuhan Metropolitan Area, China. The densities of centrality measures, including closeness, betweenness, and straightness, are calculated by kernel density estimation (KDE). The landscape patterns are characterized by four landscape metrics, including percentage of landscape (PLAND), Shannon's diversity index (SHDI), mean patch size (MPS), and mean shape index (MSI). Spearman rank correlation analysis is then used to quantify their relationships at both landscape and class levels. The results show that the centrality measures can reflect the hierarchy of road network as they associate with road grade. Further analysis exhibit that as centrality densities increase, the whole landscape becomes more fragmented and regular. At the class level, the forest gradually decreases and becomes fragmented, while the construction land increases and turns to more compact. Therefore, these findings indicate that the ability and potential applications of centrality densities estimated by KDE in quantifying the relationships between roads and landscapes, can provide detailed information and valuable guidance for transportation and land-use planning as well as a new insight into ecological effects of roads.

Key words: road centrality, landscape patterns, kernel density estimation (KDE), landscape metrics, Wuhan Metropolitan Area, China