中国地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 0 ›› Issue (3): 362-374.doi: 10.1007/s11769-014-0677-2

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

World Cities and International Organizations:Political Global-city Status of Chinese Cities

SU Nian1, XUE Desheng1, John AGNEW2   

  1. 1. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. Department of Geography, University of California, Los Angeles CA 90024, USA
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-05 修回日期:2013-10-18 出版日期:2014-03-27 发布日期:2014-04-30
  • 通讯作者: XUE Desheng. E-mail: eesxds@mail.sysu.edu.cn E-mail:eesxds@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41130747, 41320104001)

World Cities and International Organizations:Political Global-city Status of Chinese Cities

SU Nian1, XUE Desheng1, John AGNEW2   

  1. 1. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. Department of Geography, University of California, Los Angeles CA 90024, USA
  • Received:2013-07-05 Revised:2013-10-18 Online:2014-03-27 Published:2014-04-30
  • Contact: XUE Desheng. E-mail: eesxds@mail.sysu.edu.cn E-mail:eesxds@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41130747, 41320104001)

摘要:

In this study, the authors use a political perspective to explore the relative global status of cities in China. Two questions are addressed. Firstly, by using international organizations as the subjects and quantitative analysis of the spatial distribution of their offices, the overall position of Chinese cities in the global distribution of international organizations is estimated. The results show that 22 Chinese cities are involved in international political affairs. Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou dominate these activities and have high political global-city status. Secondly, through qualitative analysis of Guangzhou City, the authors explore how its status as a center for international organizations has been shaped in recent years. The locational decision-making process is analyzed and the factors are demonstrated at both national and city scales. The definition of international organizations as used in this study refers not only to those supranational bodies that have the ability to manage relations across states (such as the European Union), but also those inter-governmental organizations (IGOs), international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) and diplomatic representatives and delegations that today also manage and regulate relations between and among states.

关键词: world city, international organizations, political global-city status, spatial distribution, China

Abstract:

In this study, the authors use a political perspective to explore the relative global status of cities in China. Two questions are addressed. Firstly, by using international organizations as the subjects and quantitative analysis of the spatial distribution of their offices, the overall position of Chinese cities in the global distribution of international organizations is estimated. The results show that 22 Chinese cities are involved in international political affairs. Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou dominate these activities and have high political global-city status. Secondly, through qualitative analysis of Guangzhou City, the authors explore how its status as a center for international organizations has been shaped in recent years. The locational decision-making process is analyzed and the factors are demonstrated at both national and city scales. The definition of international organizations as used in this study refers not only to those supranational bodies that have the ability to manage relations across states (such as the European Union), but also those inter-governmental organizations (IGOs), international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) and diplomatic representatives and delegations that today also manage and regulate relations between and among states.

Key words: world city, international organizations, political global-city status, spatial distribution, China