中国地理科学 ›› 2014, Vol. 0 ›› Issue (1): 71-82.doi: 10.1007/s11769-014-0657-6

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Spatial Correlation and Ecological Characteristics Analysis of Management Area for Biodiversity Conservation and Relevant Regionalization

WANG Wenjie1, ZHENG Hua2, XU Chao1,3, JIANG Weiguo3, DU Yunhui4, WANG Wei1, ZHANG Zhe1, LIU Xiaofu1,3   

  1. 1. Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Systems Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China;
    3. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    4. Appraisal Center for Environment & Engineering, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Beijing 100012, China
  • 收稿日期:2012-10-31 修回日期:2013-02-27 出版日期:2014-01-06 发布日期:2014-01-06
  • 通讯作者: DU Yunhui,duyunhui@acee.org.cn E-mail:duyunhui@acee.org.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of Public Science and Technology Research Funds of Environment (No. 201009021, 2011467026, 2012467044), National Key Technology R&D Program of China (No. 2012BAH32B03), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41171318, 41001160)

Spatial Correlation and Ecological Characteristics Analysis of Management Area for Biodiversity Conservation and Relevant Regionalization

WANG Wenjie1, ZHENG Hua2, XU Chao1,3, JIANG Weiguo3, DU Yunhui4, WANG Wei1, ZHANG Zhe1, LIU Xiaofu1,3   

  1. 1. Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Systems Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China;
    3. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    4. Appraisal Center for Environment & Engineering, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Beijing 100012, China
  • Received:2012-10-31 Revised:2013-02-27 Online:2014-01-06 Published:2014-01-06
  • Contact: DU Yunhui,duyunhui@acee.org.cn E-mail:duyunhui@acee.org.cn

摘要:

Formulation of different ecological zone plans according to the corresponding protection targets and the necessity of proper conservation policy is one of the measures to achieve the goal of ecological conservation in China. In order to clarify the interrelation among key ecological zone plans, this paper carried out the research on spatial relation of priority areas of biodiversity conservation and three key ecological areas (key ecological function areas, key regions of ecological service function, national nature reserves) and the research on ecological conditions, based on multi-scale ecological spatial theme information, which incorporates elements like ecological quality and type, and by the aid of spatial information analysis and GIS modeling. The results showed a contrastively fine spatial consistency with 68.8% of priority areas of biodiversity conservation overlapping with three key ecological areas. Although the environment in priority areas of biodiversity conservation were in good conditions, protection pressure is also increasing, powerful supervision and protection should not be ignored. The environmental conditions in the overlapping areas, as a whole, were superior to those in the non-overlapping areas. Since two areas have different characteristics, targeted protection measures should be formulated based on this difference, which will be very important for biodiversity conservation in priority areas of biodiversity conservation.

关键词: biodiversity conservation, ecological regionalization, ecological pressure, ecological service, spatial correlation analysis

Abstract:

Formulation of different ecological zone plans according to the corresponding protection targets and the necessity of proper conservation policy is one of the measures to achieve the goal of ecological conservation in China. In order to clarify the interrelation among key ecological zone plans, this paper carried out the research on spatial relation of priority areas of biodiversity conservation and three key ecological areas (key ecological function areas, key regions of ecological service function, national nature reserves) and the research on ecological conditions, based on multi-scale ecological spatial theme information, which incorporates elements like ecological quality and type, and by the aid of spatial information analysis and GIS modeling. The results showed a contrastively fine spatial consistency with 68.8% of priority areas of biodiversity conservation overlapping with three key ecological areas. Although the environment in priority areas of biodiversity conservation were in good conditions, protection pressure is also increasing, powerful supervision and protection should not be ignored. The environmental conditions in the overlapping areas, as a whole, were superior to those in the non-overlapping areas. Since two areas have different characteristics, targeted protection measures should be formulated based on this difference, which will be very important for biodiversity conservation in priority areas of biodiversity conservation.

Key words: biodiversity conservation, ecological regionalization, ecological pressure, ecological service, spatial correlation analysis