中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2013, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (5): 537-549.doi: 10.1007/s11769-013-0625-6

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Spatially Different Nutrient Histories Recorded by Multiple Cores and Implications for Management in Taihu Lake, Eastern China

CAO Yanmin1,2, ZHANG Enlou1, Peter LANGDON3, LIU Enfeng1, SHEN Ji1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. School of Geography, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, U.K
  • 收稿日期:2012-11-28 修回日期:2013-01-11 出版日期:2013-09-10 发布日期:2013-09-23
  • 通讯作者: ZHANG Enlou,E-mail: elzhang@niglas.ac.cn E-mail:elzhang@niglas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Foundation item: Under the auspices of National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2012CB956100, 2008CB418103), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41072267)

Spatially Different Nutrient Histories Recorded by Multiple Cores and Implications for Management in Taihu Lake, Eastern China

CAO Yanmin1,2, ZHANG Enlou1, Peter LANGDON3, LIU Enfeng1, SHEN Ji1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. School of Geography, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, U.K
  • Received:2012-11-28 Revised:2013-01-11 Online:2013-09-10 Published:2013-09-23
  • Contact: ZHANG Enlou,E-mail: elzhang@niglas.ac.cn E-mail:elzhang@niglas.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    Foundation item: Under the auspices of National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2012CB956100, 2008CB418103), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41072267)

摘要:

The Taihu Lake, a large shallow lake in the floodplain of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River in the eastern China, is faced with challenging ecological problems resulting from eutrophication, which has affected the regional freshwater supply of a large population. Although efforts have been made to assess the nutrient evolution histories in the northern bays, little is known regarding nutrient histories in different parts across the entire lake basin. In this paper, we present nutrient histories for different parts of the lake based on chironomid transfer functions applied to four short cores obtained from the northern, western and eastern regions of the lake. The chironomid-inferred total phosphorus (CI-TP) concentrations were compared with the phosphorus concentrations obtained by using instrumental and sedimentary data. The results suggest that trophic evolution histories were asynchronous throughout the lake during the past decades in response to different ecological regimes controlled by the nutrient input, wind direction and shoreline topography. The restoration of aquatic plants may be an effective option for the management of lake rehabilitation to 'natural' conditions. Given the multiple factors controlling the biotic communities in such a large and complex lake, combined analyses among the multi-proxies encountered in the sediments are necessary for comprehensive insight into paleolimnological studies. The spatial heterogeneity in the ecological trajectories within this complicated ecosystem suggests that different management practices should be undertaken for specific lake zones in the Taihu Lake.

关键词: nutrient history, chironomid, multiple cores, transfer function, Taihu Lake

Abstract:

The Taihu Lake, a large shallow lake in the floodplain of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River in the eastern China, is faced with challenging ecological problems resulting from eutrophication, which has affected the regional freshwater supply of a large population. Although efforts have been made to assess the nutrient evolution histories in the northern bays, little is known regarding nutrient histories in different parts across the entire lake basin. In this paper, we present nutrient histories for different parts of the lake based on chironomid transfer functions applied to four short cores obtained from the northern, western and eastern regions of the lake. The chironomid-inferred total phosphorus (CI-TP) concentrations were compared with the phosphorus concentrations obtained by using instrumental and sedimentary data. The results suggest that trophic evolution histories were asynchronous throughout the lake during the past decades in response to different ecological regimes controlled by the nutrient input, wind direction and shoreline topography. The restoration of aquatic plants may be an effective option for the management of lake rehabilitation to 'natural' conditions. Given the multiple factors controlling the biotic communities in such a large and complex lake, combined analyses among the multi-proxies encountered in the sediments are necessary for comprehensive insight into paleolimnological studies. The spatial heterogeneity in the ecological trajectories within this complicated ecosystem suggests that different management practices should be undertaken for specific lake zones in the Taihu Lake.

Key words: nutrient history, chironomid, multiple cores, transfer function, Taihu Lake