中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2013, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (3): 378-388.doi: 10.1007/s11769-012-0582-5

• 论文 • 上一篇    

Impacts of Transportation Arteries on Land Use Patterns in Urbanrural Fringe:A Comparative Gradient Analysis of Qixia District, Nanjing City, China

ZHANG Runsen1, PU Lijie1,2, ZHU Ming1   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Land Use, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100029, China
  • 收稿日期:2012-04-12 修回日期:2012-07-25 出版日期:2013-05-29 发布日期:2013-05-30
  • 通讯作者: PU Lijie. E-mail: ljpu@nju.edu.cn E-mail:ljpu@nju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40871255), Scientific Research Foundation of Graduate School of Nanjing University (No. 2010CL12)

Impacts of Transportation Arteries on Land Use Patterns in Urbanrural Fringe:A Comparative Gradient Analysis of Qixia District, Nanjing City, China

ZHANG Runsen1, PU Lijie1,2, ZHU Ming1   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Land Use, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2012-04-12 Revised:2012-07-25 Online:2013-05-29 Published:2013-05-30
  • Contact: PU Lijie. E-mail: ljpu@nju.edu.cn E-mail:ljpu@nju.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40871255), Scientific Research Foundation of Graduate School of Nanjing University (No. 2010CL12)

摘要:

Integrated transportation and land use studies are of major interest to planners because they consider the interaction between transportation development and land use change. Quantifying the impact of transport infrastructure on land use change is necessary for evaluating the role of transportation development in the process of land use and land cover change in the urban-rural fringe. Taking Qixia District of Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province, China as a typical urban-rural fringe area, this paper analyzes the patterns and characteristics of land use change along three major transportation arteries using land use data from 2000 and 2008. We examine the spatial differentiation and gradient of land use pattern around railway, expressway, and highway corridors to investigate whether land use change in the urban-rural fringe is related to distance from transportation arteries and to clarify the varying impacts of different forms of transport infrastructure on land use patterns. We find that construction land generally tends to be located close to major transportation arteries, and that railways have the most obvious influence on land use change in the urban-rural fringe, while the impact of expressways was not significant. We conclude that there exists a causal relationship between the presence of transportation arteries and land use change in the urban-rural fringe, but this relationship varies across different types of linear transport infrastructure.

关键词: land use change, transportation arteries, gradient analysis, land use dynamic degree, urban-rural fringe

Abstract:

Integrated transportation and land use studies are of major interest to planners because they consider the interaction between transportation development and land use change. Quantifying the impact of transport infrastructure on land use change is necessary for evaluating the role of transportation development in the process of land use and land cover change in the urban-rural fringe. Taking Qixia District of Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province, China as a typical urban-rural fringe area, this paper analyzes the patterns and characteristics of land use change along three major transportation arteries using land use data from 2000 and 2008. We examine the spatial differentiation and gradient of land use pattern around railway, expressway, and highway corridors to investigate whether land use change in the urban-rural fringe is related to distance from transportation arteries and to clarify the varying impacts of different forms of transport infrastructure on land use patterns. We find that construction land generally tends to be located close to major transportation arteries, and that railways have the most obvious influence on land use change in the urban-rural fringe, while the impact of expressways was not significant. We conclude that there exists a causal relationship between the presence of transportation arteries and land use change in the urban-rural fringe, but this relationship varies across different types of linear transport infrastructure.

Key words: land use change, transportation arteries, gradient analysis, land use dynamic degree, urban-rural fringe