中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2010, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (6): 554-561.doi: 10.1007/s11769-010-0431-3

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Transportation Characteristics Change under Rapid Urban Expansion:A Case Study of Shanghai

LI Ye1, YE Jianhong1, CHEN Xiaohong1, Mohamed A ABDEL-ATY P E2, CEN Min1   

  1. 1. School of Transportation Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China;
    2. Department of Civil, Environmental, and Construction Engineering, University of Central Florida, Florida 32816-2450, USA
  • 收稿日期:2010-03-12 修回日期:2010-08-23 出版日期:2010-11-11 发布日期:2010-11-19
  • 通讯作者: LI Ye.E-mail:jamesli@tongji.edu.cn E-mail:jamesli@tongji.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No 70803034)

Transportation Characteristics Change under Rapid Urban Expansion:A Case Study of Shanghai

LI Ye1, YE Jianhong1, CHEN Xiaohong1, Mohamed A ABDEL-ATY P E2, CEN Min1   

  1. 1. School of Transportation Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China;
    2. Department of Civil, Environmental, and Construction Engineering, University of Central Florida, Florida 32816-2450, USA
  • Received:2010-03-12 Revised:2010-08-23 Online:2010-11-11 Published:2010-11-19

摘要:

This paper focuses on the economic development and urban morphology as well as its impact on the transportation system during the urban expansion of Shanghai in the last more than 20 years(1986-2008).Based on data from 3 comprehensive transport surveys of Shanghai since 1986,the changes in residential trip demand,vehicle use,and the spatial distribution of trips were studied to understand the demands on the transportation system.The factors contributing to those changes in transportation demand were discussed,by which the conclusions were arrived:1) economic development promotes population growth and stimulates residential trip demand greatly;2) unsynchronized migration of population and job from central district to periphery district of Shanghai make trips and congestion diffuse in the same way;and 3) urban sprawl from a city center encourages the single-occupant vehicle mode,which imposes greater pressure on the roadway system.It is concluded that urban development should coordinate with the transportation system planning and expansion.

关键词: transportation, urban expansion, urban morphology, Shanghai

Abstract:

This paper focuses on the economic development and urban morphology as well as its impact on the transportation system during the urban expansion of Shanghai in the last more than 20 years(1986-2008).Based on data from 3 comprehensive transport surveys of Shanghai since 1986,the changes in residential trip demand,vehicle use,and the spatial distribution of trips were studied to understand the demands on the transportation system.The factors contributing to those changes in transportation demand were discussed,by which the conclusions were arrived:1) economic development promotes population growth and stimulates residential trip demand greatly;2) unsynchronized migration of population and job from central district to periphery district of Shanghai make trips and congestion diffuse in the same way;and 3) urban sprawl from a city center encourages the single-occupant vehicle mode,which imposes greater pressure on the roadway system.It is concluded that urban development should coordinate with the transportation system planning and expansion.

Key words: transportation, urban expansion, urban morphology, Shanghai