中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2010, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (4): 298-308.doi: 10.1007/s11769-010-0402-8

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Spatial Structure and Land Use Control in Extended Metropolitan Region of Zhujiang River Delta, China

DAI Junliang1, WANG Kaiyong2, GAO Xiaolu2   

  1. 1. Bureau of Administrative Areas and Geographical Names, Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China, Beijing 100010, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • 收稿日期:2009-08-25 修回日期:2010-04-01 出版日期:2010-07-01 发布日期:2010-08-23
  • 通讯作者: WANG Kaiyong.E-mail:wangky@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:wangky@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.40901088,40671063);Knowledge Innovation Programs of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No.KZCX2-YW-321);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No.20080440513,200902134)

Spatial Structure and Land Use Control in Extended Metropolitan Region of Zhujiang River Delta, China

DAI Junliang1, WANG Kaiyong2, GAO Xiaolu2   

  1. 1. Bureau of Administrative Areas and Geographical Names, Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China, Beijing 100010, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2009-08-25 Revised:2010-04-01 Online:2010-07-01 Published:2010-08-23
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.40901088,40671063);Knowledge Innovation Programs of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No.KZCX2-YW-321);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No.20080440513,200902134)

摘要:

The Zhujiang (Pearl) River Delta is one of the most developed Extended Metropolitan Regions (EMR) in China.With the rapid urbanization,the agglomeration of population and industries has emerged,which has led to dramatic changes of spatial structure and land use in this region.With data of high resolution TM remote sensing images and Google Earth maps,this paper identified and analyzed the spatial pattern of the Zhujiang River Delta EMR using Envy and ArcGIS tools.It was found that 1) the industrial land uses were expanding substantially,particularly on the bank sides of the Zhujiang River estuary;2) large-scale housing developments were concentrated in the fringe of metropolitan areas such as those of Guangzhou and Shenzhen;3) a regional transportation network with the spatial pattern of "1 circle +2 pieces + 3 axes" had significantly affected the location choice of manufacture enterprises.At the same time,both highly specialized land use and severely mixed land use patterns were identified.As a consequence of the latter,land use efficiency of the whole EMR areas was reduced.Moreover,ecologic and environmental problems were severe.Based on the above analysis,suggestions were given from the viewpoint of spatial safety,land use efficiency,and the reorganization of spatial structure in the Zhujiang River Delta EMR.

关键词: spatial pattern, agglomeration and expansion, spatial expansion, Extended Metropolitan Region (EMR), Zhujiang River Delta (Pearl River Delta)

Abstract:

The Zhujiang (Pearl) River Delta is one of the most developed Extended Metropolitan Regions (EMR) in China.With the rapid urbanization,the agglomeration of population and industries has emerged,which has led to dramatic changes of spatial structure and land use in this region.With data of high resolution TM remote sensing images and Google Earth maps,this paper identified and analyzed the spatial pattern of the Zhujiang River Delta EMR using Envy and ArcGIS tools.It was found that 1) the industrial land uses were expanding substantially,particularly on the bank sides of the Zhujiang River estuary;2) large-scale housing developments were concentrated in the fringe of metropolitan areas such as those of Guangzhou and Shenzhen;3) a regional transportation network with the spatial pattern of "1 circle +2 pieces + 3 axes" had significantly affected the location choice of manufacture enterprises.At the same time,both highly specialized land use and severely mixed land use patterns were identified.As a consequence of the latter,land use efficiency of the whole EMR areas was reduced.Moreover,ecologic and environmental problems were severe.Based on the above analysis,suggestions were given from the viewpoint of spatial safety,land use efficiency,and the reorganization of spatial structure in the Zhujiang River Delta EMR.

Key words: spatial pattern, agglomeration and expansion, spatial expansion, Extended Metropolitan Region (EMR), Zhujiang River Delta (Pearl River Delta)