中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2009, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (1): 46-54.doi: 10.1007/s11769-009-0046-8

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Evaluation for Use Efficiency of Agricultural Resources in Grain Production:A Case Study of Changshu, Taihe and Ansai in China

SONG Wei1,2, CHEN Baiming1, CHEN Xiwei1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Gradate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • 收稿日期:2008-08-21 修回日期:2008-11-25 出版日期:2009-03-20 发布日期:2010-01-20
  • 通讯作者: CHEN Baiming.E-mail:chenbm@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:chenbm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 70673097)

Evaluation for Use Efficiency of Agricultural Resources in Grain Production:A Case Study of Changshu, Taihe and Ansai in China

SONG Wei1,2, CHEN Baiming1, CHEN Xiwei1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Gradate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2008-08-21 Revised:2008-11-25 Online:2009-03-20 Published:2010-01-20
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 70673097)

摘要:

This paper aims to establish an index system for evaluation of agricultural resources use efficiency(ARUE) in grain production and discuss the causes of low efficiency and high consumption of agricultural resources in Changshu of Jiangsu Province,Taihe of Jiangxi Province and Ansai of Shaanxi Province in China by analyzing the data about meteorology,soil,water consumption and grain production. Agro-ecological Zone(AEZ) method was adopted to calculate the potential productivity,and synthetically multivariate equation was used to evaluate the ARUE of study areas. This paper can be concluded as:1) the agricultural resources in grain production can be classified into five categories,i.e.,climatic resources,water resources,land resources,biological resources and assistant resources,and 15 indexes were selected to evaluate their use efficiency in grain production;2) the values of ARUE in grain production are 0.5868,0.6368 and 0.5390 respectively in Changshu,Taihe and Ansai;and 3) Changshu ranks the highest among the three study areas in terms of the use efficiency of climatic resources and biological resources(evaluation values are 0.0277 and 0.1530),but Taihe tops the three in terms of the use efficiency of water resources,land resources and assistant resources(evaluation values are 0.0502,0.2945 and 0.1379 respectively). However,the ARUE remains always low in Ansai for all the resources. The inefficiencies are caused by poor grain revenue in Changshu,deficient agriculture investments in Taihe and unfavorable natural conditions in Ansai.

关键词: agricultural resources use efficiency, grain production, Changshu, Taihe, Ansai

Abstract:

This paper aims to establish an index system for evaluation of agricultural resources use efficiency(ARUE) in grain production and discuss the causes of low efficiency and high consumption of agricultural resources in Changshu of Jiangsu Province,Taihe of Jiangxi Province and Ansai of Shaanxi Province in China by analyzing the data about meteorology,soil,water consumption and grain production. Agro-ecological Zone(AEZ) method was adopted to calculate the potential productivity,and synthetically multivariate equation was used to evaluate the ARUE of study areas. This paper can be concluded as:1) the agricultural resources in grain production can be classified into five categories,i.e.,climatic resources,water resources,land resources,biological resources and assistant resources,and 15 indexes were selected to evaluate their use efficiency in grain production;2) the values of ARUE in grain production are 0.5868,0.6368 and 0.5390 respectively in Changshu,Taihe and Ansai;and 3) Changshu ranks the highest among the three study areas in terms of the use efficiency of climatic resources and biological resources(evaluation values are 0.0277 and 0.1530),but Taihe tops the three in terms of the use efficiency of water resources,land resources and assistant resources(evaluation values are 0.0502,0.2945 and 0.1379 respectively). However,the ARUE remains always low in Ansai for all the resources. The inefficiencies are caused by poor grain revenue in Changshu,deficient agriculture investments in Taihe and unfavorable natural conditions in Ansai.

Key words: agricultural resources use efficiency, grain production, Changshu, Taihe, Ansai