中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2008, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (3): 197-205.doi: 10.1007/s11769-008-0197-z

• 论文 •    下一篇

Approach to Delimiting Metropolitan Regions' Boundary and Grading Urban Hierarchy Within a Metropolitan Region——A Case Study of Shanghai Metropolitan Region

LUO Shougui1, Andrew JOHNSTON2, CHEN Dongchun1   

  1. 1. Antai College of Economics & Management, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200052, China;
    2. Centre for Regional Economic and Enterprise Development, Management School, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S1 4DT, UK
  • 收稿日期:2008-06-26 修回日期:2007-08-23 出版日期:2008-09-20 发布日期:2011-12-14
  • 通讯作者: LUO Shougui. E-mail: sgluo@sjtu.edu.cn E-mail:sgluo@sjtu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of Shanghai Foundation Item for Philosophy and Social Sciences (No. 2005BCK004);Research Center on Metropolitan Regions of China (No. RCMRC 07006)

Approach to Delimiting Metropolitan Regions' Boundary and Grading Urban Hierarchy Within a Metropolitan Region——A Case Study of Shanghai Metropolitan Region

LUO Shougui1, Andrew JOHNSTON2, CHEN Dongchun1   

  1. 1. Antai College of Economics & Management, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200052, China;
    2. Centre for Regional Economic and Enterprise Development, Management School, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S1 4DT, UK
  • Received:2008-06-26 Revised:2007-08-23 Online:2008-09-20 Published:2011-12-14

摘要:

In metropolitan regions, the change in the strength of "flows" between a core city and surrounding cities reflects the range of the core city's influence, while the gravity between core city and other cities reflects the strength of potential relation between them. This article firstly attempts to delimit the boundary of metropolitan regions with the two dimensions measure combining "flows" and gravitation. The former is measured through the flow of people between the core city and surrounding cities, and the latter is measured through both population and gross domestic products (GDP) of the core city and surrounding cities. The hierarchy of the cities within a metropolitan region is classified in order to emphasize the roles of the cities belonging to the metropolitan regions, different from the general way through population scale and administrative level, and is typical in China. This paper uses the Shanghai metropolitan region as a research case, determining boundary of this metropolitan region clearly and classifying hierarchy of the cities within the region. The final results are significantly different to previous work, even overthrowing the traditional system of urban hierarchy partly. It is helpful to highlight the function of cities in organizing the regional economy, the level structure of metropolitan regions, and each city's relative importance in a metropolitan region, which can be taken as scientific basis for planning integrated regions or urban systems.

关键词: metropolitan regions, boundary delimitation, urban hierarchy, Shanghai

Abstract:

In metropolitan regions, the change in the strength of "flows" between a core city and surrounding cities reflects the range of the core city's influence, while the gravity between core city and other cities reflects the strength of potential relation between them. This article firstly attempts to delimit the boundary of metropolitan regions with the two dimensions measure combining "flows" and gravitation. The former is measured through the flow of people between the core city and surrounding cities, and the latter is measured through both population and gross domestic products (GDP) of the core city and surrounding cities. The hierarchy of the cities within a metropolitan region is classified in order to emphasize the roles of the cities belonging to the metropolitan regions, different from the general way through population scale and administrative level, and is typical in China. This paper uses the Shanghai metropolitan region as a research case, determining boundary of this metropolitan region clearly and classifying hierarchy of the cities within the region. The final results are significantly different to previous work, even overthrowing the traditional system of urban hierarchy partly. It is helpful to highlight the function of cities in organizing the regional economy, the level structure of metropolitan regions, and each city's relative importance in a metropolitan region, which can be taken as scientific basis for planning integrated regions or urban systems.

Key words: metropolitan regions, boundary delimitation, urban hierarchy, Shanghai