中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2008, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (2): 119-126.doi: 10.1007/s11769-008-0119-0

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Vulnerability and Sustainable Development Mode of Coal Cities in Northeast China

LI Bo1,2, TONG Lianjun1   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, China;
    2. Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • 收稿日期:2007-04-28 修回日期:2008-03-10 出版日期:2008-06-20 发布日期:2011-12-14
  • 通讯作者: TONG Lianjun. E-mail: tonglj@neigae.ac.cn E-mail:tonglj@neigae.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of Key Program of Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40635030);National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40571041)

Vulnerability and Sustainable Development Mode of Coal Cities in Northeast China

LI Bo1,2, TONG Lianjun1   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, China;
    2. Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2007-04-28 Revised:2008-03-10 Online:2008-06-20 Published:2011-12-14

摘要:

In this study, by carrying on the spot investigation to the seven coal cities in Northeast China and interviewing with the local authority and the residents, the authors definite the vulnerability that is closed to exposure, sensitivity and resilience, and set up vulnerability model of coal cities in Northeast China. At the same time, the authors broadly illustrate how the components of natural-social-economic system act in the coal area, so as to probe the ways to reduce vulnerability more effectively, such as preferential national policy and so on. Furthermore, the article studies the relationship between vulnerability and sustainable development. Vulnerability is a spatio-temporal function of sustainable development. The regional sustainable development refrains the spiral ascending of vulnerability. And the regional vulnerability and sustainable development appear in turn. Then the article analyzes the natural vulnerability, social vulnerability and economic vulnerability of coal cities in Northeast China. At last, combing vulnerability model and situation of coal cities in Northeast China, the authors put forward regional technology innovation mode, multi-dimension structure transformation mode, attracting investment mode and recycling economy mode to reduce vulnerability.

关键词: vulnerability, coal city, sustainable development, Northeast China

Abstract:

In this study, by carrying on the spot investigation to the seven coal cities in Northeast China and interviewing with the local authority and the residents, the authors definite the vulnerability that is closed to exposure, sensitivity and resilience, and set up vulnerability model of coal cities in Northeast China. At the same time, the authors broadly illustrate how the components of natural-social-economic system act in the coal area, so as to probe the ways to reduce vulnerability more effectively, such as preferential national policy and so on. Furthermore, the article studies the relationship between vulnerability and sustainable development. Vulnerability is a spatio-temporal function of sustainable development. The regional sustainable development refrains the spiral ascending of vulnerability. And the regional vulnerability and sustainable development appear in turn. Then the article analyzes the natural vulnerability, social vulnerability and economic vulnerability of coal cities in Northeast China. At last, combing vulnerability model and situation of coal cities in Northeast China, the authors put forward regional technology innovation mode, multi-dimension structure transformation mode, attracting investment mode and recycling economy mode to reduce vulnerability.

Key words: vulnerability, coal city, sustainable development, Northeast China