中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2008, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (2): 109-118.doi: 10.1007/s11769-008-0109-2

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Revitalizing Old Industrial Base of Northeast China:Process, Policy and Challenge

ZHANG Pingyu   

  1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, China
  • 收稿日期:2007-03-12 修回日期:2007-12-03 出版日期:2008-06-20 发布日期:2011-12-14
  • 通讯作者: ZHANG Pingyu. E-mail: zhangpy@neigae.ac.cn E-mail:zhangpy@neigae.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40635030, 40471038);Knowledge Innova-tion Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. kzcxz-YW-321-04)

Revitalizing Old Industrial Base of Northeast China:Process, Policy and Challenge

ZHANG Pingyu   

  1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, China
  • Received:2007-03-12 Revised:2007-12-03 Online:2008-06-20 Published:2011-12-14

摘要:

Northeast China is the largest old industrial base of China that endured persistent influence of the past planned economy system. This region has lost its leading place since the reform and opening up, and became a backward region by contrast with the coastal areas. This paper elaborates the evolutionary process of the old industrial base of Northeast China, analyses the main reasons for the decline, gives a preliminary evaluation on the revitalizing polices in recent years, and points out major long-term challenges for future revitalization. It concludes that for Northeast China, a relative declining area: 1) it is indispensable to get the long-term policy support from the central government; 2) system reform and structure adjustment are the crucial strategies, particularly the reform of the large and medium state-owned enterprises; and devel-oping new industries is as important as upgrading traditional advantaged industries; 3) the local governments should play an indirect role, avoiding from any unnecessary intervention on economic activity; and 4) social security and investment climate must be improved simultaneously. In addition, the author stresses that the lack of knowledge on the nature of old industrial base had led to failures of the past initiatives, and revitalizing the old industrial base should be treated as a holis-tic regional project including economy growth, society progress and environment improvement.

关键词: old industrial base, regional revitalization, regional policy, Northeast China

Abstract:

Northeast China is the largest old industrial base of China that endured persistent influence of the past planned economy system. This region has lost its leading place since the reform and opening up, and became a backward region by contrast with the coastal areas. This paper elaborates the evolutionary process of the old industrial base of Northeast China, analyses the main reasons for the decline, gives a preliminary evaluation on the revitalizing polices in recent years, and points out major long-term challenges for future revitalization. It concludes that for Northeast China, a relative declining area: 1) it is indispensable to get the long-term policy support from the central government; 2) system reform and structure adjustment are the crucial strategies, particularly the reform of the large and medium state-owned enterprises; and devel-oping new industries is as important as upgrading traditional advantaged industries; 3) the local governments should play an indirect role, avoiding from any unnecessary intervention on economic activity; and 4) social security and investment climate must be improved simultaneously. In addition, the author stresses that the lack of knowledge on the nature of old industrial base had led to failures of the past initiatives, and revitalizing the old industrial base should be treated as a holis-tic regional project including economy growth, society progress and environment improvement.

Key words: old industrial base, regional revitalization, regional policy, Northeast China