WANG Ning, ZHANG Hong-yan, WANG Hui-lian, ZHANG Zheng-xiang. SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF SOIL EROSION AND NON-POINT SOURCE POLLUTION BASED ON GIS IN ERLONG LAKE WATERSHED, JILIN PROVINCE[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2004, 14(4): 355-360.
Citation: WANG Ning, ZHANG Hong-yan, WANG Hui-lian, ZHANG Zheng-xiang. SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF SOIL EROSION AND NON-POINT SOURCE POLLUTION BASED ON GIS IN ERLONG LAKE WATERSHED, JILIN PROVINCE[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2004, 14(4): 355-360.

SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF SOIL EROSION AND NON-POINT SOURCE POLLUTION BASED ON GIS IN ERLONG LAKE WATERSHED, JILIN PROVINCE

  • Received Date: 2004-06-30
  • Publish Date: 2004-12-20
  • Data collection, factor composition, nappe analysis and integrative simulation of natural geographical factors in Erlong Lake watershed have been carried out based on GIS. The risk areas where non-point source pollution may occur were compartmentalized and assessed, and the total soil erosion and the runoffs of N and P with rainfall in this valley were worked out by experiment and GIS mapping. The study indicated that the main type of soil erosion was moderate (erosion modulus is 1000-2500t/(km2·a)) at present, and the intense erosion areas are located in dry land with variable slope east of the lake and the midded ied ied ied ied ied ied ied iuntainous region (erosion modulus is more than 5000t/(km2·a)). Though the area is small, it should be paid attention to. The trend of non-point source pollution (NSP) of nitrogen and phosphorus loss was corresponded with the soil erosion. Spatial distribution and the reasons of the distribution difference have been presented and it was emphasized that the human activities among the influence factors was the most important. It surely offers a scientific basis to control and prevent non-point source pollution in the watershed.
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    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF SOIL EROSION AND NON-POINT SOURCE POLLUTION BASED ON GIS IN ERLONG LAKE WATERSHED, JILIN PROVINCE

Abstract: Data collection, factor composition, nappe analysis and integrative simulation of natural geographical factors in Erlong Lake watershed have been carried out based on GIS. The risk areas where non-point source pollution may occur were compartmentalized and assessed, and the total soil erosion and the runoffs of N and P with rainfall in this valley were worked out by experiment and GIS mapping. The study indicated that the main type of soil erosion was moderate (erosion modulus is 1000-2500t/(km2·a)) at present, and the intense erosion areas are located in dry land with variable slope east of the lake and the midded ied ied ied ied ied ied ied iuntainous region (erosion modulus is more than 5000t/(km2·a)). Though the area is small, it should be paid attention to. The trend of non-point source pollution (NSP) of nitrogen and phosphorus loss was corresponded with the soil erosion. Spatial distribution and the reasons of the distribution difference have been presented and it was emphasized that the human activities among the influence factors was the most important. It surely offers a scientific basis to control and prevent non-point source pollution in the watershed.

WANG Ning, ZHANG Hong-yan, WANG Hui-lian, ZHANG Zheng-xiang. SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF SOIL EROSION AND NON-POINT SOURCE POLLUTION BASED ON GIS IN ERLONG LAKE WATERSHED, JILIN PROVINCE[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2004, 14(4): 355-360.
Citation: WANG Ning, ZHANG Hong-yan, WANG Hui-lian, ZHANG Zheng-xiang. SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF SOIL EROSION AND NON-POINT SOURCE POLLUTION BASED ON GIS IN ERLONG LAKE WATERSHED, JILIN PROVINCE[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2004, 14(4): 355-360.

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