JIA Xueying, TIAN Zhijie, QIN Lei, ZHANG Linlin, ZOU Yuanchun, JIANG Ming, LYU Xianguo. Iron Regulation of Wetland Vegetation Performance Through Synchronous Effects on Phosphorus Acquisition Efficiency[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(2): 337-352. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0949-3
Citation: JIA Xueying, TIAN Zhijie, QIN Lei, ZHANG Linlin, ZOU Yuanchun, JIANG Ming, LYU Xianguo. Iron Regulation of Wetland Vegetation Performance Through Synchronous Effects on Phosphorus Acquisition Efficiency[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(2): 337-352. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0949-3

Iron Regulation of Wetland Vegetation Performance Through Synchronous Effects on Phosphorus Acquisition Efficiency

doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0949-3
Funds:  Under the auspices of National Key Research and Development Program of China (No.2016YFA0602303, 2016YFC0500408), National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFC0500408), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.41771120, 41271107, 41471079), Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No.IGA-135-05), and the CPSF-CAS Joint Foundation for Excellent Postdoctoral Fellows (No.20150010).
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  • Corresponding author: ZOU Yuanchun,E-mail:zouyc@iga.ac.cn;JIANG Ming,jiangm@iga.ac.cn
  • Received Date: 2017-06-12
  • Rev Recd Date: 2017-09-15
  • Publish Date: 2018-04-27
  • Iron-rich groundwater flowing into wetlands is a worldwide environmental pollution phenomenon that is closely associated with the stability of wetland ecosystems. Combined with high phosphorus (P) loading from agricultural runoff, the prediction of the evolution of wetland vegetation affected by compound contamination is particularly urgent. We tested the effects of anaerobic iron-rich groundwater discharge in a freshwater marsh by simulating the effect of three levels of eutrophic water on native plants (Glyceria spiculosa (Fr. Schmidt.) Rosh.). The management of wetland vegetation with 1-20 mg/L Fe input is an efficient method to promote the growth of plants, which showed an optimum response under a 0.10 mg/L P surface water environment. Iron-rich groundwater strongly affects the changes in ecological niches of some wetland plant species and the dominant species. In addition, when the P concentration in a natural body of water is too high, the governance effect of eutrophication might not be as expected. Under iron-rich groundwater conditions, the δ13C values of organs were more depleted, which can partially explain the differences in δ13C in the soil profile. Conversely, the carbon isotope composition of soil organic carbon is indicative of past changes in vegetation. The results of our experiments confirm that iron-rich groundwater discharge has the potential to affect vegetation composition through toxicity modification in eutrophic environments.
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Iron Regulation of Wetland Vegetation Performance Through Synchronous Effects on Phosphorus Acquisition Efficiency

doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0949-3
Funds:  Under the auspices of National Key Research and Development Program of China (No.2016YFA0602303, 2016YFC0500408), National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFC0500408), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.41771120, 41271107, 41471079), Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No.IGA-135-05), and the CPSF-CAS Joint Foundation for Excellent Postdoctoral Fellows (No.20150010).
    Corresponding author: ZOU Yuanchun,E-mail:zouyc@iga.ac.cn;JIANG Ming,jiangm@iga.ac.cn

Abstract: Iron-rich groundwater flowing into wetlands is a worldwide environmental pollution phenomenon that is closely associated with the stability of wetland ecosystems. Combined with high phosphorus (P) loading from agricultural runoff, the prediction of the evolution of wetland vegetation affected by compound contamination is particularly urgent. We tested the effects of anaerobic iron-rich groundwater discharge in a freshwater marsh by simulating the effect of three levels of eutrophic water on native plants (Glyceria spiculosa (Fr. Schmidt.) Rosh.). The management of wetland vegetation with 1-20 mg/L Fe input is an efficient method to promote the growth of plants, which showed an optimum response under a 0.10 mg/L P surface water environment. Iron-rich groundwater strongly affects the changes in ecological niches of some wetland plant species and the dominant species. In addition, when the P concentration in a natural body of water is too high, the governance effect of eutrophication might not be as expected. Under iron-rich groundwater conditions, the δ13C values of organs were more depleted, which can partially explain the differences in δ13C in the soil profile. Conversely, the carbon isotope composition of soil organic carbon is indicative of past changes in vegetation. The results of our experiments confirm that iron-rich groundwater discharge has the potential to affect vegetation composition through toxicity modification in eutrophic environments.

JIA Xueying, TIAN Zhijie, QIN Lei, ZHANG Linlin, ZOU Yuanchun, JIANG Ming, LYU Xianguo. Iron Regulation of Wetland Vegetation Performance Through Synchronous Effects on Phosphorus Acquisition Efficiency[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(2): 337-352. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0949-3
Citation: JIA Xueying, TIAN Zhijie, QIN Lei, ZHANG Linlin, ZOU Yuanchun, JIANG Ming, LYU Xianguo. Iron Regulation of Wetland Vegetation Performance Through Synchronous Effects on Phosphorus Acquisition Efficiency[J]. Chinese Geographical Science, 2018, 28(2): 337-352. doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0949-3
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