Chinese Geographical Science ›› 2021, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (3): 429-443.doi: 10.1007/s11769-021-1202-z

• Articles • Previous Articles    

Spatial-temporal Evolution of the Urban-rural Coordination Relationship in Northeast China in 1990–2018

WANG Ying1, CHEN Xiaohong1, SUN Pingjun2, LIU Hang1, HE Jiaxin1   

  1. 1. College of Geographical Sciences, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150025, China;
    2. College of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400700, China
  • Received:2020-11-10 Published:2021-04-29
  • Contact: SUN Pingjun
  • Supported by:
    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41401182, 41501173), Youth Fund for Humanities and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education of China (No. 19YJC630177), Natural Science Foundation of Heilongjiang Province (No. LH2019D008), University Nursing Program for Young Scholars with Creative Talents in Heilongjiang Province (No. UNPYSCT-2018194), Talent Introduction Project of Southwest University (No. SWU019020)

Abstract: To comprehensively understand the law of urban-rural relationship and propose scientific measures of urban-rural coordinated development in Northeast China, this study uses the coupling coordination degree model and geographically and temporally weighted regression (GTWR) model to analyze the spatial-temporal patterns and the corresponding driving mechanisms of its urban-rural coordination since 1990. The results are as follows. First, the urban-rural coupling coordination degree in Northeast China was very low and improved slowly, but its stages of evolution is a good interpretation of the strategic arrangements of China’s urbanization. Second, the urban-rural coupling coordination degree in Northeast China had spatial differences and was characterized by central polarization, converging on urban agglomeration, which was high in the south and low in the north. Moreover, the gap between the north and south weakened. Third, the spatial-temporal evolution of the urban-rural coordination relationship in Northeast China was influenced by pulling from the central cities, pushing from rural transformation, and government regulations. The influence intensity of the three mechanisms was weak, but the pulling from the central cities was stronger than that of the other two mechanisms. Furthermore, the spatial difference between the three mechanisms determines the spatial pattern and its evolution of the urban-rural coordination relationship in Northeast China. Fourth, to promote the development of urban-rural coordination in Northeast China, it is essential to advance urban-rural economic correlation, enhance the government’s role in regulating and guiding, and adopt different policies for each region in Northeast China.

Key words: urban-rural coordination relationship, spatial-temporal evolution, coupling coordination degree model, geographically and temporally weighted regression (GTWR), Northeast China