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    1999年, 第9卷, 第4期 刊出日期:1999-12-20 上一期    下一期
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    论文
    PROGRESS IN STUDIES ON GEOGRAPHICAL ENVIRONMENTS OF THE QINGHAI XIZANG PLATEAU
    郑度, 李炳元
    1999 (4):  289-296. 
    摘要 ( 677 )   PDF(425KB) ( 1407 )  

    The Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau area was subjected to twice uplift and planation in the Tertiary. Intense uplifting of the plateau area has given rise to drastic changes and differentiation of physical environment on the plateau and the surrounding area since 3.4 Ma B.P. Significant environmental changes with dry tendency in interior of the plateau had occurred during the last 150 ka B.P. By comparative study on several mountains of the plateau, two systems of the structure-type of the altitudinal belt are identified and nine groups are subdivided . A distribution model with close relevance to highland uplift effect has been generalized. A number of striking geo ecological phenomena and their spatial pattern such as moisture corridor, dry valleys, high cold meadow zone, and high cold arid core area are investigated and discussed. Based on the thermal conditions, moisture regimes and variation in landforms of the plateau is sequentially demarcated. A tentative scheme of 2 temperature belts, 10 natural zones and 28 physical districts has been proposed not including southern slopes of the East Himalayas. The Qinghai Xizang Plateau is sensitive to “green house effect”, showing close relation with global change. Characteristics of temperature and precipitation on the plateau during the last 2000 years, and response of glaciers, snow deposit and permafrost on the plateau to global change are dealt with in the present paper.

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    PROGRESS IN THE STUDY ON MOUNTAINOUS VERTICAL ZONATION IN CHINA
    彭补拙, 陈浮, 濮励杰
    1999 (4):  297-305. 
    摘要 ( 708 )   PDF(258KB) ( 1233 )  

    There are many mountains in China. About 33% of the terrestrial parts of the country are mountainous region. Himalayan movement establishes the layout of the mountains in general. Circulation of Eastern Asian monsoon settles the horizontal structure of physical zonation. They lay the groundwork of the mountainous vertical zonation. The authors think there are 18 principal types that belong to the system of monsoonary zonal spectra and the system of mainland zonal spectra according to the features of the base of the mountainous vertical zonation. The paper discusses the regular pattern of the mountainous vertical zonation and provides a lot of forward problems of the mountainous vertical zonation that is very significant.

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    RECENT ADVANCE OF CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY IN CHINA
    朱竑, 徐永健, 司徒尚纪
    1999 (4):  306-313. 
    摘要 ( 665 )   PDF(476KB) ( 1049 )  

    This paper presents a review on the advance of cultural geography in China since the open policy and reforms were carried out. Following a brief review on the theoretical system and general works, this paper focuses on the development of the principal fields of Chinese cultural geography, including cultural landscape, cultural ecology, cultural diffusion, cultural integration and cultural area. As to the prospect of this subject, first of all, the authors point out that cultural geography in China is comparatively under-developed. Yet much work can be done and should be done to improve the situation. Basically, cultural geography should be developed theoretically and methodologically. Besides, more applied research should be carried out to guide the planning of social, economic and regional development. It is believed that only by doing so, can we embrace the revitalization of cultural geography in China.

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    A NEW PERSPECTIVE ON CHINA'S INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
    陈国阶
    1999 (4):  314-321. 
    摘要 ( 746 )   PDF(407KB) ( 967 )  

    At present China is facing challenges from economic globalization, ecological economy and knowledge economy in its process of economic development. The following ideas may be heuristic in establishing China's regional development strategies: 1) In locating industries, the impact of industries on the eco environment should be fully considered. 2) Industrial restructuring should be focused on the restructuring of products, not on the restructuring of the three traditional industries (primary, secondary and tertiary industries). 3) The establishment of key industries should be focused on large scale corporations or famous brand products, not on a particular industrial sector. 4) The complementarity and cooperation between the east and the west of China should be on products and markets, not on natural resources. The advantages in natural resources for the west of China can not be over estimated. The advantages in products and market potentials for the west of China may be explored.

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    TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL DIFFERENCES OF THE INDUSTRIAL RESTRUCTURING OF GUANGDONG PROVINCE IN THE 1990S
    阎小培, 贾莉, 林锡艺, 黄谦
    1999 (4):  322-329. 
    摘要 ( 714 )   PDF(299KB) ( 998 )  

    This paper focuses on the temporal and spatial change of industrial structure in Guangdong Province since the 1990s. The attention is initially paid to the change of industrial structure through analyzing the structure change of the three sectors, and the change of internal structures of agriculture, industry and tertiary sector respectively. Then the spatial differences of industrial restructuring are analyzed based on the four economic regions which have been agreed in the academic field: the Zhujiang(Pearl) River Delta, northern mountain region, east and west wings. Thirdly, the reasons for the spatial differences of industrial restructuring are examined. Finally a short conclusion is drawn and some suggestions for the regional integration are put forward.

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    RESEARCH ACTIVITIES ON LAND USE/COVER CHANGE IN THE PAST TEN YEARS IN CHINA USING SPACE TECHNOLOGY
    庄大方, 刘纪远, 刘明亮
    1999 (4):  330-334. 
    摘要 ( 838 )   PDF(157KB) ( 939 )  

    Land use/cover change, which in China is characterized by urbanization resulting in a decrease in arable land in the east along with a large area of grassland being cultivated in the west, has been accelerated by rapid economic development in the last years. All of the above changes will affect sustainable development in the next century. The Chinese Academy of Sciences is conducting a study of land use/cover change over the last ten years based on the integration of remote sensing and GIS technology to establish a multitemporal database covering all of China. Fundamental data for land use/cover for the year 1996 has already been developed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences. In order to reconstruct fundamental land use/cover data for the year 1986, a central data processing and analyzing system and a regional data acquisition, processing and analyzing system have been established and are joined together as a network. After the 1986 database is established, the comparative research on the reduction in arable land, urbanization, desertification, changes in forest and grassland, and lake and wetland land use/cover change will be carried out. In addition, a transect for a key regional comparative study was selected along the Changjiang (Yangtze) River. The driving forces of these changes also will be extracted. The result of this study will be not only make a contribution to global land use/cover change research, but will also support decision making for sustainable national development.

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    A PRELIMINARY RESEARCH ON THE CLIMATIC RECORDS OF LACUSTRINE DEPOSITS OF QINGTU LAKE IN THE LAST 6000 YEARS
    王乃昂, 高顺尉
    1999 (4):  335-341. 
    摘要 ( 879 )   PDF(826KB) ( 780 )  

    A preliminary study on the advance and the retreat of Qingtu Lake and its climatic records of the Holocene lacustrine deposits has been made through comprehensive analysis. The study shows that the modes characteristics of climatic change in Eastern Hexi Corridor was provided with the corresponding relationship of warm moist and cold dry during the scale longer than hundred years. As a result of climatic changes and human activities, Qingtu Lake cycle has undergone four lake retreated and three lake advanced stages since 6000 a B.P. Based on the study on lacustrine sedimentary color, grain size, Fe3+/Fe2+ and organic matter, the authors put forward that a warm period existed during the phase of 335-480 A.D. in the studied area. This warm period could be further testified by a lot of evidences obtained from the historical documents and the natural records of Qingtu Lake. In brief, the evolution of lakes in Eastern Hexi Corridor is characterized by sedimentary continuity, fast sedimentary rate and high resolution, it not only indicate the paleoenvironmental and climatic change in Holocene, but also can reflect the intensity of Eastern Asia monsoon.

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    REGIONAL EFFECTS BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF SUZHOU INDUSTRY GARDEN
    陆玉麒, 佘之祥
    1999 (4):  342-349. 
    摘要 ( 848 )   PDF(359KB) ( 967 )  

    Suzhou Industry Garden is one of the few areas which attract foreign capital on a large scale in China. Its construction will bring effects on regional economy obviously. First, the garden as an important part of the construction of high tech industry belt between Shanghai and Nanjing will become the radiating source and core area in the course of development of high tech industrialization in the southern area of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River. Second, the garden will influence the development of Taicang City, the door port city of Suzhou, and the development of peripheral villages and towns as well. As Taicang City is being constructed as the assistant center for International Shipping Centre in Shanghai, the structure of double nucleus by which Suzhou and Taicang could benefit from each other will come into being. Third, the garden which has been formed as the unique area for introducing foreign managing mode as a whole will be made the base for demonstration and using international economic management experience for reference.

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    URBAN LAND EVOLUTION IN SUZHOU AREA: FROM EARLY 1980S TO MIDDLE 1990S
    王红扬
    1999 (4):  350-357. 
    摘要 ( 669 )   PDF(328KB) ( 925 )  

    Firstly the general category and pattern of urban land evolution is theorized on the basis of correlating researches. This offers a research framework and theoretical reference for the case study in Suzhou area. Then four features of urban land evolution in Suzhou Area are summarized, including amount, locality structure, function structure and spatial structure. It is contended that all these features resulted from the developing process that has been followed with specific institutional transformation of China in this period. And in general economic development and structure shift is the key factor contributing to urban land evolution. Meanwhile rural demographic urbanization and town residents re urbanization and landuse institution reform are other two important underlying causes. In comparison with classical Western model, such urban land evolution happening in Suzhou area is explicitly distinct due to many ‘abnormal' characteristics. But it is ‘normal' according to the underlying mechanism, which arguably illustrates the invalidity of empirical theoretical model.

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    DEGRADATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES BY ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION——A Comparative Study Between Huizhou City and Zhaoqing City
    匡耀求, 孙大中
    1999 (4):  358-367. 
    摘要 ( 790 )   PDF(898KB) ( 958 )  

    Compared the total agricultural production (TAP) of the 5 counties in Huizhou City with that of the corresponding 5 counties in Zhaoqing City during the period from 1980 to 1996, it can be seen that the TAP growth rate of the 5 counties in Huizhou City had been a little higher than that of the 5 corresponding counties in Zhaoqing City before 1983, but has been becoming lower than the latter since 1984, and the agricultural production in Huizhou City has been gradually becoming lag behind that in Zhaoqing City since then. The TAP loss in Huizhou City kept above 3×108 yuan every year since 1986. Detailed investigation shows that the acid rain caused by the atmospheric pollution may be the main cause for the lower productivity of the land in Huizhou City. The atmospheric pollution arisen from rapid and extensive development of the economy in the Zhujiang(Pearl) River Delta Region has already greatly reduced the load capacity of the natural resources in Huizhou City and severely affected the sustainable development of the region.

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    DYNAMIC VARIATION OF NITROGEN CONTENT IN THE SECOND SONGHUA RIVER
    刘景双, 于君宝
    1999 (4):  368-372. 
    摘要 ( 744 )   PDF(284KB) ( 1013 )  

    The space-time variation laws of nitrogen content in different river sections, water periods and years in the Second Songhua River in China is described in detail. The results show that there is direct relation between the nitrogen content variation in river water and that in wastewater from cities and runoff water of both banks of the river. Nitrate and nitrite contents in water in flood period are higher than that in mid and low water periods. In flood period, nitrate content in water increases gradually with the extension of river section, ammonia content in polluted river section is higher than that in unpolluted river section. Nitrate and nitrite contents in water in the flood, mid and low water periods from 1985 to 1989 were slightly higher than that from 1980 to 1984 and from 1990 to 1994, ammonia content in water increased annually.

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    STUDY ON THE MODEL FOR PREDICTING SOIL EROSION AND ITS APPLICATION IN ARID AREA
    陈亚宁
    1999 (4):  373-376. 
    摘要 ( 848 )   PDF(351KB) ( 1032 )  

    On the basis of analyzing the soil erosion factors in typical arid area basin, this article tries to build a model by using USLE (Universal Soil Loss Equation). The first step is to digitize the topographic map (1∶100000) and form the DEM (Digital Elevation Model), then use them to obtain necessary data of topographic factors. The second step is to get main elements causing soil erosion through using Main Element Analyzing Program. The third step is to systematically analyze all factors of soil erosion by applying Grey Dynamic Model and Fuzzy Mathematics, and then take GIS software to draw the colored map in the way that different colors present different intensities of soil erosion. At last the regional change of soil erosion amount on the basis of the color map is analyzed.

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    LANDSCAPE ECOLOGICAL CONSTRUCTION AND BIODIVERSITY PROTECTION
    刘惠清, 许嘉巍, 吴秀芹
    1999 (4):  377-382. 
    摘要 ( 828 )   PDF(238KB) ( 1048 )  

    In the 21st century, landscape ecology should be able to design the environmental construction. The landscape ecological construction is to protect biological diversity positively, which follows the theories such as adapting to nature, mutualism and symbiosis, adjusting structure and improving function, controlling parts and adjusting the whole, and other theories of landscape ecology. This paper took humid temperate zones, landscape ecozones etc. as examples to express how to use these theories to carry out landscape ecological construction. The author put forth three points of land ecological construction: protection of rare and endangered organisms; restoration and reconstruction of important ecosystems; protection of community diversity of plant.

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