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    1994年, 第4卷, 第1期 刊出日期:1994-03-20 上一期    下一期
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    论文
    A LOCATIONAL COMPARATIVE STUDY ON HIGH-TECH INDUSTRIAL ZONES IN CHINA
    魏心镇, 史永辉
    1994 (1):  1-7. 
    摘要 ( 631 )   PDF(2467KB) ( 672 )  

    There are three ports in this poper.Part I is involved in discussion of three essential soft factors acting at development of high-tech industry-location, nctwork and comptehensive factors.It strobes the role of brains and practical capeity in high-tech development, clarifying the same importance of qualified personnel network as information network, elucidating both intemal and external impetus Part Ⅱ deals with locatkinal comparison among high-tech industrial zones in China. for which an Analysis of Hierarchy Process (AHP) method is used.

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    THE EFFECTS OF THE THREE GORGES PROJECT ON ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT
    夏宜铮
    1994 (1):  8-18. 
    摘要 ( 579 )   PDF(2676KB) ( 837 )  

    The impacts of the Three Gorges Project are summarized in this paper from the viempoint of the whole Changjiang (Yangtze) River basin and system ecology.Among the impacts on aquatic ecosystem and fishery of the river basin, the emphas is isplaed on the survival of certain precious and rare species, such as the indigenous River Dolphin, Lipotes vexillifer. The impacts on terrestrial ecosystem include the ecological changes of the inundated, agricultural land, and the carrying capacity of the land for the resettled population in the upper reaches of the river, and changer of the environment of lowland district and lowlying paddy fields in the middle and lower reaches. The impacts on the surrounding geology and safety of the reservoir area include mud-rock flow, land slide and earthquake. The impacts on estuarine ecology involves increasing salinization of water and soil, erosion of coastline, and the security of Shanghai City.The impacts on the cultural landscape of the Three Gorges area are also highlighted.Through the overall and systematic analysis, the conclusion is drawn that there are both advantageous and disadvantageous aspects in the effects of the Three Gorges Project on ecology and environment, but the disadvantageous effects are the greater.

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    THE CONSTRUCTION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT OF THE OVERSEAS TRANSPORT SYSTEM IN NORTHEAST CHINA
    高莎丽, 刘宁, 孙丽华
    1994 (1):  19-30. 
    摘要 ( 1160 )   PDF(2711KB) ( 876 )  

    This paper made a description on the basic patterns of constructing over seas transport system in northeast China, mainly including a group of harbours in the southern pert, the transport system taking Fangchuan Port as a central poft in the eastern port, Heilongjiang Port and its transport system in the northern pert and the construction of transport system and the programme of Manzhouli Port and Sino-Mongolian railway, according to the present situation of transport system in northeast China. This paper argues that the problems of the construction of ports and harmony of transport network concerned for developing overseas transportation in northeast China must be emphatically solved.

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    INFLUENCE OF SEA-AIR INTERACTION ON THE DISCHARGE OF FLOOD SEASON IN THE UPPER REACHES OF THE CHANGJIANG RIVER
    章新平, 范钟秀, 周恩济
    1994 (1):  31-42. 
    摘要 ( 695 )   PDF(2697KB) ( 842 )  

    On the method of correlation analysis the poper begins with searching the SST (Sea Surface Temperature) and circulation features of some regions with close correlation to the discharge of the flood season (from June to September) in the upper reaches of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River, then discusses the characteristics of sea-air interaction and the relations between the sea-air interaction and the discharge of the flood season, after that analyzes the possible mechanisms through which the main sea regions affect atmospheric circulation, and of the influence of the circulation changes on the discharge of the flood season.

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    AN ANALYSIS OF THE POLICY-MAKING IN REGULATING THE INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE AND DISTRIBUTION IN TRADITIONAL INDUSTRIAL BASE IN MIDDLE LIAONING PROVINCE
    樊杰
    1994 (1):  43-54. 
    摘要 ( 641 )   PDF(2705KB) ( 726 )  

    Vigorous development of old industrial bases is one of the decisive strategies accomplishing the industrial modemizatinn in China. From a new viewpoint, the traditional economic-geographical factors such as structure of mine resources, economic and technical base, and natural environment, and new factors such as evolution of industrial structure, the change of macro-regional and-industrial policies, reform of economic system and management and transform of industrial organization are comprehensively studied and analyzed. The conditions to regulate industrial structure and distribution in old industrial bases are evaluated. The Program for regulating industrial structure and distribution of old heaVy industrial base in middle Liaoning Province including five cities of Shenyang, Anshan, Fushun, Benxi and Liaoyang is Put forward, which is accepted by the Territorial Planning of Liaoning Province worked out from 1988 to 1990. With the aid of the analysis of hierarchical process (AHP), the Program is examined and evidenced.

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    THE SATELLITE TOWNS OF METROPOLIS GUANGZHOU:EVOLUTION, INHERENT LINKS WITH THE CENTRAL CITY AND TENDENCIES ──A CASE STUDY OF RENHE TOWN
    阎小培
    1994 (1):  55-65. 
    摘要 ( 718 )   PDF(447KB) ( 969 )  

    This Paper focuses on three interrelated aspects of the relationship between the satellite towns (Renhe Town) and the central city of metropolis Guangzhou.The attention is initially paid to the evolutiori of the satellite towns. Those towns are recognized as industrial ones although different types could be identified since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. Then the analysis is turned to the inherent links between Renhe and the central city. Although Renhe has absorbed some decentralized industries, the achievements of constructing satellite towns are not considered satisfactory. This is because the decentralized industries have not given an impetus to the economic groWth of Renhe, the town has no close links with the central city in the aspects of tinance, employment, economy and technology due to the limitation of the traditional administrative institution, and the decentralized workers are commuters tubing the mother city as the sleeping place. Thirdly the problems associated with the construction of satellite towns are examined. Guangzhou is experiencing the major restructuring, of industrial structure and therefore it is necessary to decentralize some industries to satellite towns. However, the limits from the central city and the satellite towns are influencing industrial decentralization and comtruction of satellite towns.The solutions and Prospects are finally put forward.

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    THE COLD AND HOT DAMAGES TO THE CITRUS IN THE THREE GORGES AREA OF THE CHANGJIANG RIVER
    陈正洪, 杨红青, 倪国裕
    1994 (1):  66-80. 
    摘要 ( 766 )   PDF(2833KB) ( 836 )  

    Starting from the research on and collection of the damaging factors and index of the cold and hot damages to citrus, this peper systematically studies the apparent properties in temporal and spatial distribution, differences, relationship of the two kinds of disasters and their impact on citrus production in the Three Gorges area in Hubei. It also reveals the important fact that it is warmer in winter and hotter in spring since the 1980s, which is the cause of departing to two poles of the cold and hot damages, and discusses the alleviating effect to the disasters by the Three Gorges Project.Finally some countermeasures are proposed.

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    THE CHINESE ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH NETWORK
    赵剑平
    1994 (1):  81-94. 
    摘要 ( 558 )   PDF(2616KB) ( 761 )  

    The Chinese Ecological Research Network (CERN), proposed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in 1987 and authorized by Chinese Government in 1991, is a comprehensive research network system of linking established ecological and environmental observation and experiment stations located at different natural zones across China. The characteristics of CERN are as follows:1) CERN is an interdisciplinary and comprehensive research network;2) CERN will focus on the studies on the trends of changes in structures and functions of ecosystems under the strong actions of human activities, 3) CERN will predict macro-ecological environmental problems caused by human activities. CERN includes three levels, i.e. ecological research stations subcenters and synthetic centers, and four support systems, i.e. research system and management system. The ecological research stations are the basic units of CERN to make the long-term monitoring for ecological and environmental elements, and also the bodies to conduct comprehensive studies on struCtures and functions of ecosystems. At present, CERN has 52 research stations, among which 26 are agricultural ecological stations, 13 forest ecological stations, 5 grassland ecological stations, and 8 lake and sea stations. The subcenters are nodes of CERN. Four subcenters are planned at the present stage. They are Hydrological subcenter, Soil subcenter, Atmospheric subcenter and Biological subcenter. The Synthetic Center Plays the role of the pivot of the network.

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    94 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON WETLAND ENVIRONMENT AND PEATLAND UTILIZATION
    1994 (1):  95-95. 
    摘要 ( 496 )   PDF(2186KB) ( 621 )  

    94 International Conference on Wetland Environment and Peatland Utilization will be held in Changchun, China in August 9-11, 1994. This conference is organized and sponsored by Changchun Institute of Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, cosponsored by Wuhan Institute of Survey and Geophysics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China.

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    CHINESE GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCE
    1994 (1):  96-96. 
    摘要 ( 462 )   PDF(2220KB) ( 637 )  

    The following notes have been compiled for the guidance of authors who are preparing papers for submission to Chinese Geographical Science.

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