Please wait a minute...

当期目录

    1992年, 第2卷, 第3期 刊出日期:1992-09-20 上一期    下一期
    全选选: 隐藏/显示图片
    论文
    SNOW HAZARD REGIONALIZATION IN CHINA
    胡汝骥, 马虹, 魏文寿
    1992 (3):  197-204. 
    摘要 ( 623 )   PDF(2519KB) ( 730 )  

    For the zoning of snow hazard in China, on the principles of (a) comprehensive analysis integrated with dominant factors, (b) multi-level division, and (c) serving the agriculture and stock-raising, transportation and communication, we first classified China into two large zones according to the situation of snow or no snow distribution. Secondly, based on the climate and landform, properties of snow cover and main features of snow hazard, the large zone of snow hazard can be classified into three second-level regions. In order to obviously reflect the difference of snow cover quantity and snow hazard type as well as hazardous degree, twenty subregions (third-level) of snow hazard are further divided in detail. In addition, the boundaries and the principal features of the differences between the various snow hazard regions are provided.

    相关文章 | 计量指标
    RESEARCH ON THE MACRODEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF HAINAN ISLAND
    肖志斌, 朱翔
    1992 (3):  205-214. 
    摘要 ( 735 )   PDF(2519KB) ( 714 )  

    There is a great difference in starting conditions among Hainan Island, the special economic zones and the economic and technological development zones in China, and "the Four Small Dragons" of Asia. Hainan's major superiority is superiority of the special economic zone. The superiority includes two main parts of natural resources and geographical location. In order to give play to the superiority it is necessary to develop the export-oriented economy. As for giving full play to the location superiority, it must be solved that the problems on the investment, the talent and the development models. It is very important to rely on the superiority of natural resources to develop the products which is necessary for our country and can replace the imports. The rational adjustment on the economic departments in Hainan Province comprises two aspects. The departments of exploiting natural resources must enlarge the processing depth of agricultural products and industrial raw materials, and increase the additional value of the products. The departments of the export-oriented economy must earn more foreign exchange through exports to accelerate the economic development. With regard to the spatial developing strategy of Hainan Province, we think it best to adopt the models of the axis exploitation around the island and the growth poles.

    相关文章 | 计量指标
    THE LITTLE ICE AGE OF THE NORTHWEST REGION, CHINA
    王宗太
    1992 (3):  215-225. 
    摘要 ( 984 )   PDF(2577KB) ( 862 )  

    The Little Ice Age began in the early 15 the century and ended in 16 the century in the northwest region of China. In the Northern Hemisphere, the age of the Little Ice Age postponed form north to south, form west to east, and moist region to drought. Judged by the data the Little Ice Age of the Northwest China is later than the eastern China and Europe. The climate of the Little Ice Age in northwest China was cold-wet. In northwest China, as compared with the Little Ice Age, the recently annual temperature have raised about 1-1.3℃, the precipitation have reduced 50-78 mm, the evaporation have increased 7%, the glacier area have reduced about 21-46%, and the runoff have reduced about 14% in the river which the meltwater supply proportion is less than 10%. To sum up, since the Little Ice Age the warm-dry tendency of climatic variation is quite obviously in northwest China. If it goes on like this, its influence will be more severe to the river which meltwater proportion is more than 50%.

    相关文章 | 计量指标
    POPULATION MOVEMENT AND THE CHANGE OF REGIONAL ECONOMY PATTERN
    陆玉麒
    1992 (3):  226-234. 
    摘要 ( 639 )   PDF(365KB) ( 1067 )  

    Population movement is an important phenomenon in China in recent years. Its mechanism is: (1) thrust of more people and less land in the eastern region of China;(2) attraction of dual economy in the western region of China;(3) national policy on preferential wages and grains for the western region. Population movement has an important effect on the change of regional division pattern in China: by the medium of the moving people, there forms another regional division pattern, i.e. rural industry system based on rural town industry;(2) there forms another profit mechanism compensated from the western region to the eastern region. It not only wins more profit in the eastern region, but also changes dual economy in the western region. Therefore, We should make choice of a comprehensible and encouraging attitude on population movement;a special government organization for general survey of the moving people should be set up at once.

    相关文章 | 计量指标
    THE POSITION AND ROLES OF PORTS AND RAILWAYS IN THE EURASIA LAND BRIDGE TRANSPORTATION IN NORTHEAST CHINA
    叶宝明, 李文杰
    1992 (3):  235-244. 
    摘要 ( 942 )   PDF(2564KB) ( 861 )  

    This paper systematically analyzes and proves the favorable factors of utilizing the ports and the railways in Northeast China for the Asia-Europe land bridge transportation. It will be more beneficial to Dalian Port and HaDa (Harbin-Dalian) and Binzhou (Harbin-Manzhouli) railways in Northeast China to the Siberia railway in Russia than 1) to other ports and the corresponding railways in China, 2) to the Nakhodka Port in Russia and the corresponding railways and 3) to the Chongjin Port in North Korea and the corresponding railways. This paper also puts forward the reform measures to adopt the ports and the railways in the northeast region in China for the land bridge transportation and the problems in transportation policies and management systems.

    相关文章 | 计量指标
    MIGRATION CHARACTERISTICS OF MICROELEMENTS IN PROCESS OF LANDSCAPE GEOCHEMISTRY IN MT.NAMJAGBARWA AREA
    窦贻俭, 彭补拙, 赵培道, 刘育民, 李春华
    1992 (3):  245-255. 
    摘要 ( 622 )   PDF(505KB) ( 788 )  

    To provide scientific basis for appraising natural resources in Mt. Namjagbarwa area, the migration characteristics of geochemical microelements, such as Zn, V, Ti, Pb, Ni, Cu, Cr, Co, Be and Ba, in the landscape zones of alpine scrub and meadow, the mountainous dark coniferous forest, the mountainous mixed broadleaf and coniferous forest, the mountainous quasi-subtropical semi-evergreen broadleaf forest, the mountainous subtropical evergreen broadleaf forest, and the valley quasi-tropical monsoon rainforest have been described in the paper.

    相关文章 | 计量指标
    RESEARCH ON REGIONAL COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT IN DEVELOPED REGIONS-THE CASE OF SHANGHAI-NANJING-HANGZHOU AREA
    陆心贤
    1992 (3):  256-265. 
    摘要 ( 570 )   PDF(192KB) ( 999 )  

    The developed regions are faced with the problems of regional comprehensive development, and the research on regional comprehensive development has become a trend in the world. To optimize regional industrial structure and to select and determine scientifically the spatial development strategy of regional industries are the central themes to be solved for the research on regional comprehensive development in the developed regions. This paper proposed the basis for optimizing regional industrial structure, and the main factors of selecting and determining the regional leading industries. Based on this, the paper puts forward the leading industries and the spatial development strategy in Shanghai-Nanjing-Hangzhou area in the future ten or more years. Combined with the situation of Shanghai-Nanjing-Hangzhou area, the paper also discusses some problems of locating superior developing axis to benefit the rational distribution of regional productive forces.

    相关文章 | 计量指标
    APPLICATION OF REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUE TO THE INVESTIGATION ON REED RESOURCES OF BOSTEN LAKE
    华润葵, 李玉琴
    1992 (3):  266-276. 
    摘要 ( 757 )   PDF(2523KB) ( 930 )  

    It is efficient and reliable to investigate the reed resources of Bosten Lake in Xinjiang, characterized by complicated types of reed land and very different reed growth using colour infrared aerial photos, Landsat images and multi band imagery. At first, on the basis of Landsat images and relevant data, we analyzed the ecological environment of the studied area, the characteristics of reed land types and imaging mechanism to determine the program for abstracting remote sensing information and aerial photographic conditions:On the processed Landsat images and aerial photos, we considered typically geographic features and reed land types, preselected ground sampling sections and sites, then determined indexes classifying reed land types according to sampling data and image characteristics, established various interpretation keys, drew distribution maps of reed land types and measured the area of various types of reed land following geometric correction. On the other hand, based on sampling values and habitat conditions of reed, we divided the studied area into a number of pieces, estimated weight per unit area with weighted average method one piece by one piece, finally calculated the total reserve of reed resources.

    相关文章 | 计量指标
    REFORM AND TEACHING QUALITY—EXEMPLIFICATION OF REGIONAL PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
    李春芬
    1992 (3):  277-283. 
    摘要 ( 597 )   PDF(2368KB) ( 746 )  

    There are a number of factors involved in teaching quality. Among them teaching materials or textbooks are of primary importance, the presentation of which relies first of all on the viewpoint to structure the contents geographically. Whatever branch of geography you are teaching or in pursuit, geographical viewpoint is vitally important. This paper in discussing innovation of geographical education about these institutions with the course of regional physical geography as an example. The higher education of our discipline is in pressing need of innovation and thereby upgrading quality.

    相关文章 | 计量指标
    TEXTUAL RESEARCH ON THE MAIN SOURCE OF THE CHANGJIANG RIVER
    孙广友, 邓伟, 邵庆春, 华润葵
    1992 (3):  284-292. 
    摘要 ( 656 )   PDF(2492KB) ( 857 )  

    The Chinese people began to research the main source of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River 2,400 years ago. Limited by the scientific level, they did not discover it.The Tuotuo River was determined as the main source of the Changjiang River in the 1970s. However, this was not correct, because when comparing the length of the Tuotuo River with the Dam River, the glacier length at the headwaters was added to the Tuotuo River, resulting in that the Tuotuo River is 1 km longer than the Dam River, keeping in mind that the glacier can not be regarded as part of the river.In the summer of 1986, we investigated the source of the Changjiang River, we accurately measured the length of both the Tuotuo and Dam rivers, we discovered that the Dam River was 353.1 km long, and the Tuotuo River was 346.3 km long, the Dam River thus being 6.8 km longer than the Tuotuo River. The discharge of the Dam River is 196.18 m3/ sec., 2.6 times as large as that of the Tuotuo River, that of the Tuotuo River is 75.10 m3/sec. The drainage area of the Dam River is 1.8 times as larger as that of the Tuotuo River; the drainage area of the Dam River is 30,715.7 km2, the Tuotuo River is 16,691.0 km2.Through synthetic analysis of the factors mentioned above, we came to the conclusion that the main source of the Changjiang River is the Dam River instead of the Tuotuo River.

    相关文章 | 计量指标