中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2013, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 163-172.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Comparison and Analysis of Agricultural and Forest Land Chan¬ges in Typical Agricultural Regions of Northern Mid-latitudes

LIU Tingxiang1, 2, 3, ZHANG Shuwen1, TANG Junmei1, 4, LI Tianqi1, 2   

  1. (1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China; 2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3. Bureau of Land and Resources of Linyi City, Linyi 276000, China; 4. Department of Geography and Environmental Systems, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA)
  • 出版日期:2013-03-25 发布日期:2013-03-25

Comparison and Analysis of Agricultural and Forest Land Chan¬ges in Typical Agricultural Regions of Northern Mid-latitudes

LIU Tingxiang1, 2, 3, ZHANG Shuwen1, TANG Junmei1, 4, LI Tianqi1, 2   

  1. (1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China; 2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3. Bureau of Land and Resources of Linyi City, Linyi 276000, China; 4. Department of Geography and Environmental Systems, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA)
  • Online:2013-03-25 Published:2013-03-25

摘要:

The northeastern China, the United States, and the western Europe are important agricultural regions both on the global and regional scales. The western Europe has a longer history of agricultural land development than the eastern United States. These two regions have changed from the deforestation and reclamation phase in the past to the current land abandonment and reforestation phase. Compared with the two regions, large-scale land exploitation has only been practiced in the northeastern China during the last century. After a short high-intensity deforestation and reclamation period, agricultural and forest lands are basically in a dynamic steady state. By comparing domestic and international agro-forestry development and considering the ecological environment and socio-economic benefits that can be derived from agro-forestry, this paper suggests that large area of reforestation would be inevitable in future though persistent and large agricultural demand in coming decades even more. And local reforestation at slope farmland with ecological vulnerability should be imperative at present to avoid severer damage. At the same time, from the perspective of Land Change Science, the results demonstrate that the research on land use change in the agro-forestry ecotone is typical and critical, particularly those dealing with the analysis of spatial and temporal characteristics and the simulation of climate, hydrology, and other environmental effects.

关键词:  , agricultural land change, forest land change, reforestation, agro-forestry ecotone, northeastern China, Europe, United States 

Abstract:

The northeastern China, the United States, and the western Europe are important agricultural regions both on the global and regional scales. The western Europe has a longer history of agricultural land development than the eastern United States. These two regions have changed from the deforestation and reclamation phase in the past to the current land abandonment and reforestation phase. Compared with the two regions, large-scale land exploitation has only been practiced in the northeastern China during the last century. After a short high-intensity deforestation and reclamation period, agricultural and forest lands are basically in a dynamic steady state. By comparing domestic and international agro-forestry development and considering the ecological environment and socio-economic benefits that can be derived from agro-forestry, this paper suggests that large area of reforestation would be inevitable in future though persistent and large agricultural demand in coming decades even more. And local reforestation at slope farmland with ecological vulnerability should be imperative at present to avoid severer damage. At the same time, from the perspective of Land Change Science, the results demonstrate that the research on land use change in the agro-forestry ecotone is typical and critical, particularly those dealing with the analysis of spatial and temporal characteristics and the simulation of climate, hydrology, and other environmental effects.

Key words:  agricultural land change, forest land change, reforestation, agro-forestry ecotone, northeastern China, Europe, United States