中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2012, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (1): 97-108.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Peripheral Challenge in Container Port System: A Case Study of Pearl River Delta

WANG Chengjin1,WANG Jiao′e1,César Ducruet2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and NaturalResources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. French National Centre for Scientific Research, UMR 8504 Géographie-cités, Paris 75006, France
  • 收稿日期:2010-11-30 修回日期:2010-12-24 出版日期:2012-01-03 发布日期:2011-01-16
  • 通讯作者: WANG Chengjin E-mail:cjwang@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    基于城际物流的城市关联系统研究;空间组织与空间效率的基础理论研究;主体功能区规划与部门规划一致性评价技术;区域人文过程演化机理与模拟研究

Peripheral Challenge in Container Port System: A Case Study of Pearl River Delta

  • Received:2010-11-30 Revised:2010-12-24 Online:2012-01-03 Published:2011-01-16

摘要:

The growth of peripheral ports to dominant hubs has been well documented in North America and Europe, and has led to the elaboration of several theoretical models. However, although changes in containerization growth have been taking place in the South and East Asia in recent years, particularly in China, only a few studies have focused on this region. The Pearl (Zhujiang) River Delta (PRD) has a typical port system with hub and peripheral ports, and provides an excellent case for studying the Peripheral Challenge. This paper introduces the theoretical evidence of the Hayuth model and analyzes the evolution of the container port system in the PRD with five phases: 1) phase I: preconditions for change and phase II: initial container port development in the 1970s and early 1980s; 2) phase III: diffusion, consolidation, and port concentration in the middle and late 1980s; 3) phase IV: the load center in the 1990s; and (4) phase V: the Peripheral Challenge since the late 1990s. The results illustrate that the Shenzhen port presents mounting challenges to the Hong Kong port, descending from a transshipment hub of China to a regional load center of Southeast China. Furthermore, this paper explores five points that have led to the evolution of the port system in the PRD: 1) competition in the regional port systems; 2) different interested parties; 3) shift of investment strategies of in-ternational terminal operators; 4) integration of shipping networks and reorganization of carriers; and 5) cost-based competition.

关键词: Hayuth model, peripheral port challenge, Pearl River Delta, Hong Kong port, Shenzhen port

Abstract:

The growth of peripheral ports to dominant hubs has been well documented in North America and Europe, and has led to the elaboration of several theoretical models. However, although changes in containerization growth have been taking place in the South and East Asia in recent years, particularly in China, only a few studies have focused on this region. The Pearl (Zhujiang) River Delta (PRD) has a typical port system with hub and peripheral ports, and provides an excellent case for studying the Peripheral Challenge. This paper introduces the theoretical evidence of the Hayuth model and analyzes the evolution of the container port system in the PRD with five phases: 1) phase I: preconditions for change and phase II: initial container port development in the 1970s and early 1980s; 2) phase III: diffusion, consolidation, and port concentration in the middle and late 1980s; 3) phase IV: the load center in the 1990s; and (4) phase V: the Peripheral Challenge since the late 1990s. The results illustrate that the Shenzhen port presents mounting challenges to the Hong Kong port, descending from a transshipment hub of China to a regional load center of Southeast China. Furthermore, this paper explores five points that have led to the evolution of the port system in the PRD: 1) competition in the regional port systems; 2) different interested parties; 3) shift of investment strategies of in-ternational terminal operators; 4) integration of shipping networks and reorganization of carriers; and 5) cost-based competition.

Key words: Hayuth model, peripheral port challenge, Pearl River Delta, Hong Kong port, Shenzhen port