中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2002, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (4): 315-320.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

BORDER PORT MANZHOULI: URBAN FUNCTION AND SPACE DEVELOPMENT

ZHANG Ping-yu, MA Yan-ji, YU Zhen-han   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, P. R. China
  • 收稿日期:2002-07-15 出版日期:2002-12-20 发布日期:2011-12-15
  • 作者简介:Zhang Ping-yu(1966- ),male,a native of Jilin Province, Ph. D., professor. His research interests include urban and regional development. E-mail:zhangpy@ mail.neigae.ac.cn.
  • 基金资助:

    Granted by the Chinese Academy of Sciences(No: KZCX2-SW-320), and Manzhouli City Planning Commission.

BORDER PORT MANZHOULI: URBAN FUNCTION AND SPACE DEVELOPMENT

ZHANG Ping-yu, MA Yan-ji, YU Zhen-han   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, P. R. China
  • Received:2002-07-15 Online:2002-12-20 Published:2011-12-15

摘要:

Manzhouli is the largest land port city on the Sino-Russia border, transit cargo through the land port amounted to 5.95 million tons, transit tourists were 304500 in 2000. It stands at the joint place of China, Mongolia and Russia, faces to Siberia area of Russia, receives direct support fromthe Northeast China and Bohai Sea Rim Area, and possesses priorities in geographical location, land port infrastructure, water resources, coal resources, tourist resources andgreat potentiality in economic cooperation with Russia. The future urban function is a key port on the First Eurasia Continental Bridge. Manzhouli Port will keep its first place between China and Russia land transport, and it is forecasted that thetransit amount through Manzhouli Port will go up to 10 million tons in 2005 and 20 million tons in 2010. It will be constructed to be a trade center of the peripheral area extending to Russia and Mongolia, a key export-oriented processing industrial zone supported by industries such as export processing industries, export agriculture, trade services, technology trading and the other service industries. It keeps being a well-known touring city for trade, shopping, sightseeing, vocation,local food, recreation and cultural events. To build Manzhouli Export Processing Industry Zone will improve city economic structure, and the main sectors are organic food processing, livestock products processing, garment and furniture industry. Moreover, Manzhouli Export Processing Industry Zone will eventually be upgraded to be a border free trade zone.The city functional transition will inevitably affect urban spatial restructure and its expansion. The city space transformation will develop as such: one development axis of No. 301 highway paralleling with Bin-Zhou (Harbin-Manzhouli) railway which cuts through central part of Manzhouli City, and links Zhalainuoer District with central city; three urban unitsincluding central city, Zhalainuoer District and Manzhouli Interchange Trade Zone; cohesion with Aoerjin and Cuogangpastures; regional dual-nuclei structure of Hailaer City and Manhzouli City; and the Manzhouli-Zabaykalsk Free TradeZone.

关键词: Manzhouli, land port, city development, SinoRussia border trade

Abstract:

Manzhouli is the largest land port city on the Sino-Russia border, transit cargo through the land port amounted to 5.95 million tons, transit tourists were 304500 in 2000. It stands at the joint place of China, Mongolia and Russia, faces to Siberia area of Russia, receives direct support fromthe Northeast China and Bohai Sea Rim Area, and possesses priorities in geographical location, land port infrastructure, water resources, coal resources, tourist resources andgreat potentiality in economic cooperation with Russia. The future urban function is a key port on the First Eurasia Continental Bridge. Manzhouli Port will keep its first place between China and Russia land transport, and it is forecasted that thetransit amount through Manzhouli Port will go up to 10 million tons in 2005 and 20 million tons in 2010. It will be constructed to be a trade center of the peripheral area extending to Russia and Mongolia, a key export-oriented processing industrial zone supported by industries such as export processing industries, export agriculture, trade services, technology trading and the other service industries. It keeps being a well-known touring city for trade, shopping, sightseeing, vocation,local food, recreation and cultural events. To build Manzhouli Export Processing Industry Zone will improve city economic structure, and the main sectors are organic food processing, livestock products processing, garment and furniture industry. Moreover, Manzhouli Export Processing Industry Zone will eventually be upgraded to be a border free trade zone.The city functional transition will inevitably affect urban spatial restructure and its expansion. The city space transformation will develop as such: one development axis of No. 301 highway paralleling with Bin-Zhou (Harbin-Manzhouli) railway which cuts through central part of Manzhouli City, and links Zhalainuoer District with central city; three urban unitsincluding central city, Zhalainuoer District and Manzhouli Interchange Trade Zone; cohesion with Aoerjin and Cuogangpastures; regional dual-nuclei structure of Hailaer City and Manhzouli City; and the Manzhouli-Zabaykalsk Free TradeZone.

Key words: Manzhouli, land port, city development, SinoRussia border trade

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