中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2002, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (4): 288-293.

• 论文 •    下一篇

PROBLEMS AND COUNTERMEASURES OF WATER RESOURCES FOR SUSTAINABLE UTILIZATION IN CHINA

DENG Wei, BAI Jun-hong, YAN Min-hua   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, P. R. China
  • 收稿日期:2002-01-08 出版日期:2002-12-20 发布日期:2011-12-15
  • 作者简介:DENG Wei(1957- ),male,a native of Changchun City,Jlilin Province, professor. His research interests include water environment and resources.
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(No.ZKHZ2-302,ZKHZ-03-06).

PROBLEMS AND COUNTERMEASURES OF WATER RESOURCES FOR SUSTAINABLE UTILIZATION IN CHINA

DENG Wei, BAI Jun-hong, YAN Min-hua   

  1. Changchun Institute of Geography, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, P. R. China
  • Received:2002-01-08 Online:2002-12-20 Published:2011-12-15

摘要:

According to the theory of sustainable development,the current situation and existent problems of the exploitation of water resources were analyze d in this paper.The results show that the contradiction between supply an d demand of water resources is continually aggravating,water pollution is incre asingly serious,water environment is worse,the overextraction area of the underground water is expanding and water crisis stands out gradually,so it is imp erative under the situation to actualize the susta inable exploitation strategies of water resources.It is necessary for s ustainable utilizing water resources to introduce the mod el of sustainable utilization of water resourcesthe model of wealth transferring between the generations of water resou rces,establish watersaving socie ty system and water market,form technology systems,management systems and evaluation systems for many sorts of water resources,improve the utilization ratio of water resources,transform waste water in to resources and maintain and restore the water space of water environmen t.

关键词: water resources, sustainable utilization, countermeasures

Abstract:

According to the theory of sustainable development,the current situation and existent problems of the exploitation of water resources were analyze d in this paper.The results show that the contradiction between supply an d demand of water resources is continually aggravating,water pollution is incre asingly serious,water environment is worse,the overextraction area of the underground water is expanding and water crisis stands out gradually,so it is imp erative under the situation to actualize the susta inable exploitation strategies of water resources.It is necessary for s ustainable utilizing water resources to introduce the mod el of sustainable utilization of water resourcesthe model of wealth transferring between the generations of water resou rces,establish watersaving socie ty system and water market,form technology systems,management systems and evaluation systems for many sorts of water resources,improve the utilization ratio of water resources,transform waste water in to resources and maintain and restore the water space of water environmen t.

Key words: water resources, sustainable utilization, countermeasures

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