中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2002, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (1): 35-43.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

A SIMULTANEOUS APPROACH TO WATER-RESOURCE PROTECTION AND ECONOMIC STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT—A Case Study of Guanzhong Region in the Huanghe River Basin, China

WANG Xi-qin1, LIU Chang-ming1,2, ZHANG Yuan1   

  1. 1. Institute of Environment Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, P. R. China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, P. R. China
  • 收稿日期:2001-05-21 出版日期:2002-03-20 发布日期:2011-12-15
  • 作者简介:WANG Xi-qin(1965-),female,a native of Shaanxi Province,post-doctor of Institute of Environment Science,Beijing Normal University. Her research interests include hydrology water resource.
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the National Key Project(G19990436-01).

A SIMULTANEOUS APPROACH TO WATER-RESOURCE PROTECTION AND ECONOMIC STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT—A Case Study of Guanzhong Region in the Huanghe River Basin, China

WANG Xi-qin1, LIU Chang-ming1,2, ZHANG Yuan1   

  1. 1. Institute of Environment Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, P. R. China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, P. R. China
  • Received:2001-05-21 Online:2002-03-20 Published:2011-12-15

摘要:

A regional multiple objective water resource and economic optimization model was developed using a quantitative method of systematic analysis. Input to the model includes indexes of economic structure and development, water resource utilization, wastewater and pollutant discharge, and investment in wastewater treatment. The model, which consists of production structure and industrial structure optimization modules, was applied to the Guanzhong region in the middle reaches of the Huanghe (Yellow) River basin in China. By evaluating several alternative production and industrialization schemes, the modal indicate that water pollution will get worsen though wastewater treatment improves if the economy continues to develop at the planned speed without structural adjustment. However, the results also show that not only economic goals but also water resource protection and pollution control targets can be achieved under an alternative, recommended production and industrial structure. This example illustrates that economic development and environmental protection can be improved coordinately by the regional multiple objective water resource and economic optimization model. It provides an operable approach to the simultaneous sustained development of water resources and economic growth.

关键词: water resource, protection, economic structure, adjustment

Abstract:

A regional multiple objective water resource and economic optimization model was developed using a quantitative method of systematic analysis. Input to the model includes indexes of economic structure and development, water resource utilization, wastewater and pollutant discharge, and investment in wastewater treatment. The model, which consists of production structure and industrial structure optimization modules, was applied to the Guanzhong region in the middle reaches of the Huanghe (Yellow) River basin in China. By evaluating several alternative production and industrialization schemes, the modal indicate that water pollution will get worsen though wastewater treatment improves if the economy continues to develop at the planned speed without structural adjustment. However, the results also show that not only economic goals but also water resource protection and pollution control targets can be achieved under an alternative, recommended production and industrial structure. This example illustrates that economic development and environmental protection can be improved coordinately by the regional multiple objective water resource and economic optimization model. It provides an operable approach to the simultaneous sustained development of water resources and economic growth.

Key words: water resource, protection, economic structure, adjustment

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