中国地理科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 611-628.doi: 10.1007/s11769-021-1195-7

• 论文 • 上一篇    

Regional Equity and Influencing Factor of Social Assistance in China

WANG Jiawei1,2, YE Shilin1,2, QI Xinhua2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory for Subtropical Mountain Ecology of the Ministry of Science and Technology and Fujian Province, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China;
    2. School of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-10 发布日期:2021-02-06
  • 通讯作者: YE Shilin E-mail:wangjw40@163.com;yeshilin1991@fjnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    Under the auspices of National Social Science Fund of China (No. 18BJL126)

Regional Equity and Influencing Factor of Social Assistance in China

WANG Jiawei1,2, YE Shilin1,2, QI Xinhua2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory for Subtropical Mountain Ecology of the Ministry of Science and Technology and Fujian Province, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China;
    2. School of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
  • Received:2020-04-10 Published:2021-02-06
  • Contact: YE Shilin E-mail:wangjw40@163.com;yeshilin1991@fjnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Under the auspices of National Social Science Fund of China (No. 18BJL126)

摘要: Social assistance is the last safety net in the social security system and plays a vital role in poverty alleviation in countries around the world. Promoting the equal financial assistance is meaningful to achieve equalization of social assistance. Based on the provincial panel data from 2002 to 2017, this paper analyzes the dynamic characteristics and main influencing factors of the equity of social assistance in China, using the Theil index and geographically weighted regression (GWR) model. The results suggest that the level of per capita social assistance expenditure (PSAE) in China keeps increasing year by year, but the changes in different regions and provinces are quite different. These changes not only significantly changed the spatial pattern of PSAE in China, but also greatly improved its spatial coupling with the deeply impoverished areas. Further analysis shows that the regional inequality of PSAE between provinces is obvious during the study period, and the inter-regional inequality is significantly higher than the intra-regional inequality. This makes inter-regional inequality become the main source of the regional inequality of PSAE in China for a long time. According to GWR results, there is obvious spatiotemporal heterogeneity in the influence intensity and direction of the per capita financial revenue, urbanization rate, urban unemployment rate, natural disaster-affected area, and transfer payment intensity on the PSAE. The urbanization rate and per capita financial revenue are the main driving factors of PSAE, and the impact intensity of per capita financial revenue tends to strengthen. The remaining three factors have a positive effect on PSAE, but the effect intensity is not high.

关键词: social assistance, regional equity, spatiotemporal pattern, poverty alleviation, influencing factors, China

Abstract: Social assistance is the last safety net in the social security system and plays a vital role in poverty alleviation in countries around the world. Promoting the equal financial assistance is meaningful to achieve equalization of social assistance. Based on the provincial panel data from 2002 to 2017, this paper analyzes the dynamic characteristics and main influencing factors of the equity of social assistance in China, using the Theil index and geographically weighted regression (GWR) model. The results suggest that the level of per capita social assistance expenditure (PSAE) in China keeps increasing year by year, but the changes in different regions and provinces are quite different. These changes not only significantly changed the spatial pattern of PSAE in China, but also greatly improved its spatial coupling with the deeply impoverished areas. Further analysis shows that the regional inequality of PSAE between provinces is obvious during the study period, and the inter-regional inequality is significantly higher than the intra-regional inequality. This makes inter-regional inequality become the main source of the regional inequality of PSAE in China for a long time. According to GWR results, there is obvious spatiotemporal heterogeneity in the influence intensity and direction of the per capita financial revenue, urbanization rate, urban unemployment rate, natural disaster-affected area, and transfer payment intensity on the PSAE. The urbanization rate and per capita financial revenue are the main driving factors of PSAE, and the impact intensity of per capita financial revenue tends to strengthen. The remaining three factors have a positive effect on PSAE, but the effect intensity is not high.

Key words: social assistance, regional equity, spatiotemporal pattern, poverty alleviation, influencing factors, China