中国地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 710-724.doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1127-y

• 论文 • 上一篇    

Spatial Accessibility to Shopping Malls in Nanjing, China: Comparative Analysis with Multiple Transportation Modes

LI Ang1, CHEN Jie1,2, QIAN Tianlu1, ZHANG Wenhan1, WANG Jiechen1,3   

  1. 1. Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science and Technology, Key Laboratory for Land Satellite Remote Sensing Applications of Ministry of Natural Resources, School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China;
    2. School of Architecture and Surveying Engineering, Datong University, Datong 037009, China;
    3. Jiangsu Center for Collab-orative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-10 发布日期:2020-04-28
  • 通讯作者: WANG Jiechen. E-mail:wangjiechen@nju.edu.cn E-mail:wangjiechen@nju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41571377)

Spatial Accessibility to Shopping Malls in Nanjing, China: Comparative Analysis with Multiple Transportation Modes

LI Ang1, CHEN Jie1,2, QIAN Tianlu1, ZHANG Wenhan1, WANG Jiechen1,3   

  1. 1. Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science and Technology, Key Laboratory for Land Satellite Remote Sensing Applications of Ministry of Natural Resources, School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China;
    2. School of Architecture and Surveying Engineering, Datong University, Datong 037009, China;
    3. Jiangsu Center for Collab-orative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2019-09-10 Published:2020-04-28
  • Contact: WANG Jiechen. E-mail:wangjiechen@nju.edu.cn E-mail:wangjiechen@nju.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41571377)

摘要: This study attempts to evaluate the rationality of the spatial layout of shopping malls and identify the urban area with poor shopping mall accessibility, as well as to provide a reference and assist decision-making for planning. Using the case of Nanjing, China, this study developed a method to evaluate the accessibility of shopping malls by three transport modes (car traffic, public transit, and bicycle). Specially, we divide the urban space into a regular hexagonal grid and harvest the total travel time from each of 7204 hexagon centroids to each of 129 shopping malls using the Baidu Internet map. The door-to-door travel time approach is used to evaluate all travel stages (walking, waiting, transfer, and transportation) based on travel time calculations. We further divide the shopping malls into two levels (super-regional and regional) based on the Dianping App’s information and develop the indicator of accessibility to shopping malls: the number of shopping malls within tolerance time thresholds and apply the closest facility and cumulative opportunities methods to measure accessibility scores. The results show that the accessibility estimations vary greatly with transport modes. The accessibility of shopping malls presents a concentric ring trend centered on the city center under the car traffic and bicycle modes. And public transit accessibility tends to axially extend due to the topology of bus routes and metro lines. In particular, we observe that the accessibility of shopping malls in Nanjing has an uneven spatial distribution pattern, with high accessibility values in the central urban areas and lots of underserved areas in urban fringe regions. Based on the accessibility measurements, we finally map the poor accessibility area and propose corresponding implications for urban planning.

关键词: spatial accessibility, shopping mall access, transport mode, door-to-door travel time, internet maps

Abstract: This study attempts to evaluate the rationality of the spatial layout of shopping malls and identify the urban area with poor shopping mall accessibility, as well as to provide a reference and assist decision-making for planning. Using the case of Nanjing, China, this study developed a method to evaluate the accessibility of shopping malls by three transport modes (car traffic, public transit, and bicycle). Specially, we divide the urban space into a regular hexagonal grid and harvest the total travel time from each of 7204 hexagon centroids to each of 129 shopping malls using the Baidu Internet map. The door-to-door travel time approach is used to evaluate all travel stages (walking, waiting, transfer, and transportation) based on travel time calculations. We further divide the shopping malls into two levels (super-regional and regional) based on the Dianping App’s information and develop the indicator of accessibility to shopping malls: the number of shopping malls within tolerance time thresholds and apply the closest facility and cumulative opportunities methods to measure accessibility scores. The results show that the accessibility estimations vary greatly with transport modes. The accessibility of shopping malls presents a concentric ring trend centered on the city center under the car traffic and bicycle modes. And public transit accessibility tends to axially extend due to the topology of bus routes and metro lines. In particular, we observe that the accessibility of shopping malls in Nanjing has an uneven spatial distribution pattern, with high accessibility values in the central urban areas and lots of underserved areas in urban fringe regions. Based on the accessibility measurements, we finally map the poor accessibility area and propose corresponding implications for urban planning.

Key words: spatial accessibility, shopping mall access, transport mode, door-to-door travel time, internet maps