中国地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 352-365.doi: 10.1007/s11769-020-1114-3

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Spatial-temporal Heterogeneity of Green Development Efficiency and Its Influencing Factors in Growing Metropolitan Area: A Case Study for the Xuzhou Metropolitan Area

QIU Fangdao1,2, CHEN Yang1,2, TAN Juntao1,2, LIU Jibin3, ZHENG Ziyan1,2, ZHANG Xinlin1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Geomatics and Planning, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China;
    2. Urban-Rural Integration Development Research Institute, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China;
    3. Urban and Country Planning and Design Insti-tute of Jilin Province, Changchun 130061, China
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-14 出版日期:2020-03-20 发布日期:2020-03-04
  • 通讯作者: LIU Jibin.E-mail:liujb034@163.com;TAN Juntao.E-mail:tanjuntaocf@163.com E-mail:liujb034@163.com;tanjuntaocf@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41671123, 41971158, 41671122), Major Project of Philosophy and Social Science Research of Jiangsu Universities (No. 2018SJZDA010)

Spatial-temporal Heterogeneity of Green Development Efficiency and Its Influencing Factors in Growing Metropolitan Area: A Case Study for the Xuzhou Metropolitan Area

QIU Fangdao1,2, CHEN Yang1,2, TAN Juntao1,2, LIU Jibin3, ZHENG Ziyan1,2, ZHANG Xinlin1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Geomatics and Planning, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China;
    2. Urban-Rural Integration Development Research Institute, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China;
    3. Urban and Country Planning and Design Insti-tute of Jilin Province, Changchun 130061, China
  • Received:2019-08-14 Online:2020-03-20 Published:2020-03-04
  • Contact: LIU Jibin.E-mail:liujb034@163.com;TAN Juntao.E-mail:tanjuntaocf@163.com E-mail:liujb034@163.com;tanjuntaocf@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41671123, 41971158, 41671122), Major Project of Philosophy and Social Science Research of Jiangsu Universities (No. 2018SJZDA010)

摘要: This study analyzed the spatial-temporal heterogeneity of green development efficiency and its influencing factors in the growing Xuzhou Metropolitan Area for the period 2000-2015. The slacks-based measure (SBM) model, spatial autocorrelation, and the geographically weighted regression (GWR) model were used to conduct the analysis. The conclusions were as follows:first, the overall efficiency of green development of the Xuzhou Metropolitan Area decreased, the regional differences and spatial agglomeration shrunk and differences within the region were the main contributors to the regional differences of green development efficiency. Second, the counties with high-efficiency green development were distributed along the coast, and along the routes of the Beijing-Shanghai and the Eastern Longhai railways. A developing axis of the high-efficiency counties was the main feature of the spatial pattern for green development efficiency. Third, regarding spatial correlation and green development efficiency, the High-High type counties in the Xuzhou Metropolitan Area formed a centralized distribution corridor along the inter-provincial border areas of Henan and Jiangsu, whereas the Low-Low type counties were concentrated in the external, marginal parts of the metropolitan area. Fourth, the major factors (ranked in decreasing order of impact) influencing green development efficiency were innovation, government regulations, the economic development level, energy consumption, and industrial structure. These factors exerted their influence to varying extents; the influence of the same factor had different effects in different regions and obvious spatial differences were observed for the different regions.

关键词: growing metropolitan area, green development efficiency, spatial and temporal heterogeneity, influential factors, Xuzhou Metropolitan Area, China

Abstract: This study analyzed the spatial-temporal heterogeneity of green development efficiency and its influencing factors in the growing Xuzhou Metropolitan Area for the period 2000-2015. The slacks-based measure (SBM) model, spatial autocorrelation, and the geographically weighted regression (GWR) model were used to conduct the analysis. The conclusions were as follows:first, the overall efficiency of green development of the Xuzhou Metropolitan Area decreased, the regional differences and spatial agglomeration shrunk and differences within the region were the main contributors to the regional differences of green development efficiency. Second, the counties with high-efficiency green development were distributed along the coast, and along the routes of the Beijing-Shanghai and the Eastern Longhai railways. A developing axis of the high-efficiency counties was the main feature of the spatial pattern for green development efficiency. Third, regarding spatial correlation and green development efficiency, the High-High type counties in the Xuzhou Metropolitan Area formed a centralized distribution corridor along the inter-provincial border areas of Henan and Jiangsu, whereas the Low-Low type counties were concentrated in the external, marginal parts of the metropolitan area. Fourth, the major factors (ranked in decreasing order of impact) influencing green development efficiency were innovation, government regulations, the economic development level, energy consumption, and industrial structure. These factors exerted their influence to varying extents; the influence of the same factor had different effects in different regions and obvious spatial differences were observed for the different regions.

Key words: growing metropolitan area, green development efficiency, spatial and temporal heterogeneity, influential factors, Xuzhou Metropolitan Area, China