中国地理科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 324-339.doi: 10.1007/s11769-019-1092-5

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Spatial Organization of Innovation in the Oil Equipment Manufacturing Industry: Case of Dongying, China

WANG Qiuyu, ZENG Gang   

  1. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-07 出版日期:2020-03-20 发布日期:2019-11-08
  • 通讯作者: ZENG Gang.E-mail:gzeng@re.ecnu.edu.cn E-mail:gzeng@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41901158), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2019M651428), Humanities and Social Sciences Research Planning Fund from Ministry of Education of China (No. 19YJC790138), The Soft Science Research Program of Shanghai Science and Technology development Commission (No. 19692102400)

Spatial Organization of Innovation in the Oil Equipment Manufacturing Industry: Case of Dongying, China

WANG Qiuyu, ZENG Gang   

  1. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2019-03-07 Online:2020-03-20 Published:2019-11-08
  • Contact: ZENG Gang.E-mail:gzeng@re.ecnu.edu.cn E-mail:gzeng@re.ecnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41901158), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2019M651428), Humanities and Social Sciences Research Planning Fund from Ministry of Education of China (No. 19YJC790138), The Soft Science Research Program of Shanghai Science and Technology development Commission (No. 19692102400)

摘要: As innovation and technological change have become increasingly important for the competitiveness and sustainable growth of firms, cooperative innovation is now crucial for traditional industries in the context of globalization. This paper proposes a framework for analyzing the spatial pattern of cooperative innovation for traditional industries in developing countries. Based on in-depth interviews with 35 firms in the oil equipment manufacturing industry in Dongying City, China, this study argues that different firms in the innovation pyramid have various innovation activity preferences and spatial patterns. Firms with high innovation abilities tend to cooperate with various partners that are geographically dispersed and continuously expanding, while firms with inferior abilities usually cooperate with nearby fixed partners. Due to the differences in innovation environment and actor locations, firms tend to make different choices regarding innovation types and models, which highlight the importance of personnel training and basic scientific research at the global scale and practical product research and development at the national scale. Additionally, talent flow is the most important way to realize relationships for firm innovation activity.

关键词: spatial organization, open innovation, external knowledge linkages, oil equipment manufacturing industry (OEMI), Dongying, China

Abstract: As innovation and technological change have become increasingly important for the competitiveness and sustainable growth of firms, cooperative innovation is now crucial for traditional industries in the context of globalization. This paper proposes a framework for analyzing the spatial pattern of cooperative innovation for traditional industries in developing countries. Based on in-depth interviews with 35 firms in the oil equipment manufacturing industry in Dongying City, China, this study argues that different firms in the innovation pyramid have various innovation activity preferences and spatial patterns. Firms with high innovation abilities tend to cooperate with various partners that are geographically dispersed and continuously expanding, while firms with inferior abilities usually cooperate with nearby fixed partners. Due to the differences in innovation environment and actor locations, firms tend to make different choices regarding innovation types and models, which highlight the importance of personnel training and basic scientific research at the global scale and practical product research and development at the national scale. Additionally, talent flow is the most important way to realize relationships for firm innovation activity.

Key words: spatial organization, open innovation, external knowledge linkages, oil equipment manufacturing industry (OEMI), Dongying, China