中国地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 529-542.doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0964-4

• 论文 • 上一篇    

The Interaction of Population, Industry and Land in Process of Urbanization in China: A Case Study in Jilin Province

LIU Yanjun, ZHOU Guolei, LIU Degang, YU Huisheng, ZHU Liyuan, ZHANG Jing   

  1. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-25 修回日期:2018-03-05 出版日期:2018-06-27 发布日期:2018-04-27
  • 通讯作者: ZHOU Guolei.E-mail:z19870219@126.com E-mail:z19870219@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41771172, 41001099)

The Interaction of Population, Industry and Land in Process of Urbanization in China: A Case Study in Jilin Province

LIU Yanjun, ZHOU Guolei, LIU Degang, YU Huisheng, ZHU Liyuan, ZHANG Jing   

  1. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2017-12-25 Revised:2018-03-05 Online:2018-06-27 Published:2018-04-27
  • Contact: ZHOU Guolei.E-mail:z19870219@126.com E-mail:z19870219@126.com
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41771172, 41001099)

摘要:

Urbanization is a complex process that covers a wide range of topics, of which population, industry and land urbanization are three important aspects. Jilin Province is an important agricultural province in China. The contradiction between population, industry and land urbanization is especially prominent here, and its coupling development is of great practical significance. In this paper, the coupling degree of population-industry-land urbanization in Jilin Province in 1990, 2000 and 2010 is measured by coupling mode. The spatial pattern of the coupling degree is analyzed by trend surface analysis and global and local spatial autocorrelation. The influence factors and their spatial differentiation are discussed using multiple linear regression (MLR) model and geographic weighted regression (GWR) model. The results show that:1) the coupling degree of population-industry-land urbanization in Jilin Province is at a low level. Judging from the change of time scale, the urbanization of most research units is becoming more and more coordinated. From the comparison of spatial scales, there is significant spatial difference in the research units of different administrative levels. 2) Judging from the global change trend, the coupling degree of population-industry-land urbanization in the central region is higher than that in western and eastern regions. The coordination of urbanization in the central region is relatively good, and the distribution of the cold and hot spots is basically the same as that overall. 3) The spatial pattern of the coupling degree is related to the cold and hot spot distribution of the influence coefficient of urban population density and per capita urban construction land. The variation of the coupling degree spatial pattern is synchronous with the spatial change of the urban population density influence coefficient. 4) The degree of agglomeration of the urban population is the main factor promoting the coupling pattern of population-industry-land urbanization in Jilin Province, and the extent of its influence is gradually increasing. In addition, the level of city administrative, the efficiency of urban expansion and the capacity of market consumption also have an important influence on the coupling pattern.

关键词: population urbanization, industry urbanization, land urbanization, coupling relationship, influence mechanism, Jilin Province

Abstract:

Urbanization is a complex process that covers a wide range of topics, of which population, industry and land urbanization are three important aspects. Jilin Province is an important agricultural province in China. The contradiction between population, industry and land urbanization is especially prominent here, and its coupling development is of great practical significance. In this paper, the coupling degree of population-industry-land urbanization in Jilin Province in 1990, 2000 and 2010 is measured by coupling mode. The spatial pattern of the coupling degree is analyzed by trend surface analysis and global and local spatial autocorrelation. The influence factors and their spatial differentiation are discussed using multiple linear regression (MLR) model and geographic weighted regression (GWR) model. The results show that:1) the coupling degree of population-industry-land urbanization in Jilin Province is at a low level. Judging from the change of time scale, the urbanization of most research units is becoming more and more coordinated. From the comparison of spatial scales, there is significant spatial difference in the research units of different administrative levels. 2) Judging from the global change trend, the coupling degree of population-industry-land urbanization in the central region is higher than that in western and eastern regions. The coordination of urbanization in the central region is relatively good, and the distribution of the cold and hot spots is basically the same as that overall. 3) The spatial pattern of the coupling degree is related to the cold and hot spot distribution of the influence coefficient of urban population density and per capita urban construction land. The variation of the coupling degree spatial pattern is synchronous with the spatial change of the urban population density influence coefficient. 4) The degree of agglomeration of the urban population is the main factor promoting the coupling pattern of population-industry-land urbanization in Jilin Province, and the extent of its influence is gradually increasing. In addition, the level of city administrative, the efficiency of urban expansion and the capacity of market consumption also have an important influence on the coupling pattern.

Key words: population urbanization, industry urbanization, land urbanization, coupling relationship, influence mechanism, Jilin Province