中国地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 86-99.doi: 10.1007/s11769-018-0933-y

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Trade-offs and Synergies of Ecosystem Services in the Taihu Lake Basin of China

QIAO Xuning1, GU Yangyang1,2,3, ZOU Changxin2, WANG Lei4, LUO Juhua3, HUANG Xianfeng5   

  1. 1. School of Surveying and Land Information Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454003, China;
    2. Nanjing Institute of Environmental Science, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing 210042, China;
    3. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;
    4. Department of Ge-ography & Anthropology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA;
    5. Guizhou Institue of Environmental Sciences Re-search and Design, Guiyang 550018, China
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-12 修回日期:2017-09-04 出版日期:2018-02-27 发布日期:2018-01-04
  • 通讯作者: GU Yangyang E-mail:guyangyanghpu@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Social Science Foundation of China (No. 14BJY021), National Natural Science Foundation of China (40901296, U1404402), Youth backbone teachers of Henan province's universities (No. 2014GGJS-044)

Trade-offs and Synergies of Ecosystem Services in the Taihu Lake Basin of China

QIAO Xuning1, GU Yangyang1,2,3, ZOU Changxin2, WANG Lei4, LUO Juhua3, HUANG Xianfeng5   

  1. 1. School of Surveying and Land Information Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454003, China;
    2. Nanjing Institute of Environmental Science, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing 210042, China;
    3. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;
    4. Department of Ge-ography & Anthropology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA;
    5. Guizhou Institue of Environmental Sciences Re-search and Design, Guiyang 550018, China
  • Received:2017-05-12 Revised:2017-09-04 Online:2018-02-27 Published:2018-01-04
  • Contact: GU Yangyang E-mail:guyangyanghpu@163.com
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Social Science Foundation of China (No. 14BJY021), National Natural Science Foundation of China (40901296, U1404402), Youth backbone teachers of Henan province's universities (No. 2014GGJS-044)

摘要:

Understanding the spatial interactions among multiple ecosystem services is crucial for ecosystem services management. Ecosystem services, including crop production, freshwater supply, aquatic production, net primary production, soil conservation, water conservation, flood regulation, forest recreation, were measured at 1-km grid scale covering the Taihu Lake Basin (TLB) of China. Our objective is to get a comprehensive understanding of the spatial distributions, trade-offs, synergies of multiple ecosystem services across the TLB. Our results found that:1) majority of ecosystem services were clustered in space and had a similar spatial distribution pattern with the geographical resource endowment. Most of the landscape contributed a high supply of no services, one or two, and a low supply of three to seven services. 2) There were high correlation between forest recreation and freshwater supply and regulating services. Aquatic production had low correlation with other services. 3) The changes of provisioning services led to trade-offs between regulating services and cultural services in the TLB, while synergies mainly occurred among the provisioning service. 4) The spatial relationships of multiple services are consistent at 1-km spatial scale, counties and provinces. This research could help integrate multiple ecosystem services across scales and serve as a reference for decision making.

关键词: ecosystem services, spatial pattern, Principal Component Analysis, trade-offs, synergies, Taihu Lake Basin (TLB)

Abstract:

Understanding the spatial interactions among multiple ecosystem services is crucial for ecosystem services management. Ecosystem services, including crop production, freshwater supply, aquatic production, net primary production, soil conservation, water conservation, flood regulation, forest recreation, were measured at 1-km grid scale covering the Taihu Lake Basin (TLB) of China. Our objective is to get a comprehensive understanding of the spatial distributions, trade-offs, synergies of multiple ecosystem services across the TLB. Our results found that:1) majority of ecosystem services were clustered in space and had a similar spatial distribution pattern with the geographical resource endowment. Most of the landscape contributed a high supply of no services, one or two, and a low supply of three to seven services. 2) There were high correlation between forest recreation and freshwater supply and regulating services. Aquatic production had low correlation with other services. 3) The changes of provisioning services led to trade-offs between regulating services and cultural services in the TLB, while synergies mainly occurred among the provisioning service. 4) The spatial relationships of multiple services are consistent at 1-km spatial scale, counties and provinces. This research could help integrate multiple ecosystem services across scales and serve as a reference for decision making.

Key words: ecosystem services, spatial pattern, Principal Component Analysis, trade-offs, synergies, Taihu Lake Basin (TLB)