中国地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (6): 847-859.doi: 10.1007/s11769-017-0911-9

• 论文 •    下一篇

China's Urbanization in 1949-2015:Processes and Driving Forces

GU Chaolin1, HU Lingqian2, Ian G. COOK3   

  1. 1. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
    2. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA;
    3. School of Humanities and Social Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 2AJ, UK
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-26 修回日期:2017-03-09 出版日期:2017-12-27 发布日期:2017-11-06
  • 通讯作者: GU Chaolin.E-mail:gucl@tsinghua.edu.cn E-mail:gucl@tsinghua.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41590844), the Independent Research Program of Tsinghai University (No. 2015THZ01)

China's Urbanization in 1949-2015:Processes and Driving Forces

GU Chaolin1, HU Lingqian2, Ian G. COOK3   

  1. 1. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
    2. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA;
    3. School of Humanities and Social Science, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 2AJ, UK
  • Received:2016-11-26 Revised:2017-03-09 Online:2017-12-27 Published:2017-11-06
  • Contact: GU Chaolin.E-mail:gucl@tsinghua.edu.cn E-mail:gucl@tsinghua.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41590844), the Independent Research Program of Tsinghai University (No. 2015THZ01)

摘要:

The pace and scale of China's contemporary urbanization are stunning. This paper reviews process and the underlying driving forces of China's urbanization between 1949-2015. Contemporary China's urbanization has experienced four stages, and each has had different driving forces:1) economic re-construction and industrialization-led urbanization (1949-1977); 2) economic reform and market-led urbanization (1978-1995); 3) economic globalization and the global-local urbanization (1996-2010); and 4) the land-economyled urbanization (2010-). These urbanization processes and driving forces will undoubtedly provide scientific reference and have significant implications for developing countries, especially African countries, to formulate their urbanization public policies.

关键词: urbanization, Contemporary China, urbanization level, urbanization process, driving forces, public policies

Abstract:

The pace and scale of China's contemporary urbanization are stunning. This paper reviews process and the underlying driving forces of China's urbanization between 1949-2015. Contemporary China's urbanization has experienced four stages, and each has had different driving forces:1) economic re-construction and industrialization-led urbanization (1949-1977); 2) economic reform and market-led urbanization (1978-1995); 3) economic globalization and the global-local urbanization (1996-2010); and 4) the land-economyled urbanization (2010-). These urbanization processes and driving forces will undoubtedly provide scientific reference and have significant implications for developing countries, especially African countries, to formulate their urbanization public policies.

Key words: urbanization, Contemporary China, urbanization level, urbanization process, driving forces, public policies